Current Affairs - Current News

‘Equality’ to Women could reduce Malnourished People by 12-17%

Food systems worldwide depend on the labour of rural women.They raise and process crops, and prepare and distribute their products, ensuring that their families and communities are nourished.

  • However, these same women often have less access to food, and suffer higher risk of hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity, when compared with men.

Global Hunger Report 2021- A Flawed One: India

In the 2021 Global Hunger Index, India ranks 101st out of the 116 countries. Last year India was ranked at 94th.

  • With a score of 27.5, India has a level of hunger that is ‘serious’.
  • The report was prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.

RBI grants a Banking Licence to Unity Small Finance Bank

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued a Small Finance Bank (SFB) licence to ‘Unity Small Finance Bank’ - a consortium of Centrum Financial Services Limited (CFSL), the small business lending arm of the Centrum Group, and Resilient Innovations Private Limited (BharatPe), a fintech company.

  • This new bank license has been issued by the RBI after a gap of nearly 6 years.

‘PFC’ accorded “Maharatna” Status

On 12th October 2021, state-owned Power Finance Corporation Ltd (PFC) accorded the ‘Maharatna’ Status by Govt. of India.

  • Incorporated in 1986, PFC is the largest Infrastructure Finance Company today, exclusively dedicated

Union Home Ministry enhanced BSF’s Power

On 11th October, the Union Home Ministry allowed the Border Security Force (BSF) to “arrest, search and seize” within 50 km from the international boundary in Assam, West Bengal and Punjab, Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.


60th Anniversary of Non-Aligned Movement

Recently, a two-day (11-12 October 2021) summit was organized at Belgrade, the capital of Serbia to observe the 60th anniversary of Non-Aligned Movement.

  • Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev chaired the summit via a video link.

'Kanyakumari Clove' Gets GI Tag

  • The clove grown in the hills of Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu has been awarded a geographical indication (GI).
  • Due to the moderate temperature prevailing in Kanyakumari district, the fragrances in the cloves evaporate in small quantities, thus making it possible to obtain concentrated essential oils.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021

Benjamin List (Germany) and David W.C. MacMillan (USA) were announced joint winners of Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis”.

Research

  • The type of catalysis developed independently by Benjamin List and David MacMillan, called organocatalysis, uses small organic molecules that are generally both environmentally friendly and inexpensive to produce. The use of organocatalysts has rapidly expanded since 2000. This is largely due to their ability to drive asymmetric synthesis.

Nobel Prize in Medicine 2021

  • Two U.S.-based scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine on October 4 for their discovery of the receptors that allow humans to feel temperature and touch.
  • David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian focused their work on the field of somatosensation that is the ability of specialised organs such as eyes, ears and skin to see, hear and feel.

Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded "for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems" with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe (Japan) and Klaus Hasselmann (Germany) "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming" and the other half to Giorgio Parisi (Italy) "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."

  • Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann laid the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it. Giorgio Parisi is rewarded for his revolutionary contributions to the theory of disordered materials and random processes.

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