Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change :
With reference to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), consider the following statements:
- MARPOL is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
- The current convention is a combination of 1973 Convention and the 1978 Protocol, which entered into force on 2 October 1983.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
Recently, the world’s fourth largest emitter, Russia, formally adopted the Paris Agreement. Consider the following statements regarding the Paris Agreement:
- The Agreement came in to force on 22nd April 2016 – Earth Day – at UN Headquarters in New York.
- It aims to substantially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing means to limit the increase to 2 degrees.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?