World Wildlife Crime Report

  • 15 May 2024

UN's World Wildlife Crime report highlighted reduction in elephant ivory and rhino horn trafficking, but noted that wildlife trade remains a concern globally.

Key Points

  • Decline in Ivory and Rhino Trafficking: UN report notes a solid decline in poaching, seizures, and market prices for elephant ivory and rhino horn over the past decade.
  • Persistence of Wildlife Trafficking: Despite progress, wildlife trafficking continues globally, with seizures recorded in 162 countries involving thousands of protected species.
  • Major Seized Species: Elephants, crocodiles, pangolins, and rosewood are among the most commonly seized species, highlighting the diversity of wildlife targeted by traffickers.
  • Drivers of Wildlife Trade: Reasons include food, medicine, pet trade, and fashion products, with each category presenting unique trade dynamics.
  • Rising Demand for Exotic Pets: India sees a surge in wildlife seizures, driven by increased demand for exotic live animals as pets, facilitated by online platforms.
  • Changing Nature of Traffickers: Trafficking patterns evolve with educated individuals engaging in online trade, posing threats to ecosystems and local species.
  • Impact of Illegal Wildlife Trade: Beyond biodiversity degradation, the trade poses risks of extinction and invasiveness, threatening global habitats and ecosystems.