Current Affairs - Biodiversity
Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
On 22 December 2022, at the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (at Montreal) “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBF) was adopted.
State of Finance for Nature 2022
The second edition of the State of Finance for Nature report launched on December 01, 2022, reveals that nature-based solutions are still significantly under-financed.
India Designates 5 New Ramsar Sites
India has designated five (5) new wetlands of International importance making a total of 54 Ramsar sites in the country.
- The recently added sites are in three states:
Sela Macaque: A New Species of Primate
Scientists from the Zoological Survey of India have discovered a new species of primate in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The species is called Sela Macaque, named after the Sela pass situated between Dirang and Tawang towns in western Arunachal Pradesh.
White-Cheeked Macaque Cited in Arunachal Pradesh
Recently, in an important discovery, scientists recorded presence of White-Cheeked Macaque (Macaca leucogenys) from central Arunachal Pradesh in India.
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve gets TX2 Award
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (STR) in Erode district of Tamil Nadu has won the TX2 award for doubling its tiger population to 80 since 2010.
- Bardia National Park in Nepal has also won this year’s TX2 award.
Buxa Tiger Reserve
Recently, a Royal Bengal tiger was sighted at the Buxa reserve - a first such sighting in 23 years.
Buxa Tiger Rserve(BRT)
- It is situated in the Alipurduar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal.
Plant Discoveries 2020: Western Ghats gives More New Species
Recently, the Botanical Survey of India released its new publication ‘Plant Discoveries 2020’. It has added 267 new taxa/ species to the country’s flora.
- The 267 new discoveries include 119 angiosperms; 3 pteridophytes; 5 bryophytes, 44 lichens; 57 fungi, 21 algae and 18 microbes.
- In 2020, 202 new plant species were discovered across the country and 65 new records were added.
World’s First 5-Country Biosphere Reserve
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD) as the world’s first ‘five-country biosphere reserve’.
- The strategy’s aim is to revitalise 25,000 km of rivers and protect 30 per cent of the European Union’s land area by 2030.
India’s First Dugong Conservation Reserve
Tamil Nadu state government has announced to set up India’s first dugong conservation reserve at the northern part of the Palk Bay.