National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020

  • 19 Aug 2020

The National Cancer Registry Programme (2012-2016) report has been released by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru.

Major Findings

  • Number of Cancer Cases: The report has estimated that in 2020, cancer cases in the country will be at 13.9 lakh and are likely to increase to 15.7 lakh by 2025, based on current trends.
  • Cancer incidence rate among males per 1,00,000 population ranges from 269.4 in Aizawl district, which is the highest in India, to 39.5 in Osmanabad and Beed districts. 
  • Cancer incidence rate among females per 1,00,000 population ranges from 219.8 in Papumpare district Arunachal Pradesh to 49.4 in Osmanabad and Beed district in Maharashtra.
  • One out of every four persons in Papumpare district, in the age group of 0-74 years, faces the possibility of developing cancer through the course of a lifetime.

Tobacco Related Cases

  • In 2020, according to the report, tobacco-related cancers are estimated to contribute 3.7 lakh cases, or 27.1 per cent of the total cancer burden.
  • Cancers related to use of any form of tobacco were found to be the highest in the north-eastern region of the country and in higher proportions in men.

Cancer in Men

  • Cancers of lung, mouth, stomach and oesophagus were the most common cancers among men.

Cancer in Women

  • Cancer of breast and cervix uteri were the most common cancers among women.

Cancer in Both Men and Women

  • For both men and women, cancer of the gastrointestinal tract is estimated to contribute 2.7 lakh cases (19.7 per cent).

Other Findings

  • A significant increase in the incidence rates of breast cancers in women, and lung and head and neck cancers in both men and women, was observed in most of the registries. However, a declining trend was seen in most of the registries for cancer of the cervix.
  • Cancers of lung were diagnosed at a stage of spread to distant sites, while cancers of head and neck, stomach, breast and cervix were in higher proportions with loco-regional spread.
  • Multimodality treatment (a varied combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy) was administered for cancers of breast and head and neck, while cancer cervix was treated mainly with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, according to the report.