Living Planet Report 2020


The Living Planet Report is published every two years by the World Wide Fund for Nature. It is based on the Living Planet Index and ecological footprint calculations.

  • The Living Planet Report is the world's leading, science-based analysis, on the health of our planet and the impact of human activity.

Key Findings

  • Our planet’s wildlife populations have now plummeted by 68% since 1970 and there are no signs that this downward trend is slowing.
  • 84% decline in population of freshwater species, including fish birds, amphibians and mammals - the starkest average population decline in any biome since 1970.
  • 1/3 freshwater or riverine species threatened with extinction.
  • 85% area under wetlands that has already been lost worldwide.
  • 75 per cent of the Earth’s ice-free land surface has already been significantly altered, most of the oceans are polluted.
  • The largest wildlife population loss, according to the Living Planet Index, has been in Latin America at an alarming 94 per cent.
  • Almost 90 per cent of global wetlands have been lost since 1700.
  • The report finds that India has lost nearly one-third of its natural wetlands to urbanisation, agricultural expansion and pollution over the last four decades.
  • 14 out of 20 river basins in India are already water stressed and will be moving to extreme water scarcity by 2050.

Factors behind Planet’s Vulnerability

  • Land-use change and the use and trade of wildlife
  • Species overexploitation (like overfishing)
  • Invasive species and diseases
  • Pollution and climate change

Source : Civil Services Chronicle Online, September, 2020