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29 June: International Day of the Tropics

The International Day of the Tropics is observed on June 29 annually.

  • The Day highlights the challenges faced by the nations of the Tropics and the opportunities their citizens have access to.
  • The nations of the tropics are those that fall between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer.
  • The majority of Africa, ASEAN countries, Gulf nations, and a significant part of South America fall in the region. The central and the southern parts of India also fall between the two imaginary lines on the globe.

Challenges faced by Nations in Tropics Region

  • The tropical region faces several challenges such as climate change, deforestation, logging, urbanisation and demographic changes.
  • By 2050, the region will host most of the world's people and two-thirds of its children.
  • Consistent with the higher levels of poverty, more people experience undernourishment in the Tropics than in the rest of the world.
  • The proportion of the urban population living in slum conditions is higher in the Tropics than in the rest of the World.
  • Also, this region experiences challenges like social stigmas, terrorism and civil unrest.