International Day of Indigenous Peoples

  • 09 Aug 2023

In order to raise awareness of the needs of these population groups, every 9 August commemorates the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples.

Key Points

  • Theme: Indigenous Youth as Agents of Change for Self-determination.
  • Origin: This date, adopted in December 1994 by UN General Assembly resolution 49/214, marks the date ofthe first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights held in Geneva in 1982.
  • Global Presence: Indigenous Peoples have a presence in various corners of the globe, owning, occupying, or utilizing about 22% of the world's land.
  • This diverse group, numbering between 370-500 million, embodies a substantial portion of the world's cultural richness.
  • They speak the majority of the planet's 7,000 languages and embody around 5,000 distinct cultures.
  • Shared Challenges: Despite their cultural diversity, Indigenous Peoples face common challenges concerning the protection of their distinct rights.
  • Many continue to grapple with issues like marginalization, dire poverty, and violations of their human rights.
  • UNESCO's Supportive Role: Recognizing their vital role in maintaining global cultural and biological diversity, UNESCO prioritizes the needs of Indigenous Peoples in its initiatives.
  • Fostering Diversity: UNESCO's efforts are aimed at empowering Indigenous Peoples to address their unique challenges while safeguarding the world's diverse cultural and biological landscapes.