Current Affairs - State In News
- On 22nd November 2021, the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh announced that the Patalpani Railway Station in Indore will be renamed after Tantya Bhil, also known as the “Indian Robin Hood”.
- Tantya Bhil, who belonged to the Bhil tribe of the indigenous Adivasi community, was born in 1840 in Badada village under East Nimar, now known as Khandwa, in Madhya Pradesh.
- Tantya is hailed as one of the revolutionaries who waged an armed struggle against British rule for 12 years. He used to plunder the treasuries of the British government and the wealth of their followers to distribute it among the poor and needy.
On 18th November 2021, the Government of Tamil Nadu designated ‘Silambam’ as one of the games to be included for the 3% sports quota recruitment in government departments and public sector undertakings (PSUs).
- It's an ancient weapon-based martial art.
- The Tamil Sangam literature has the early records of Silambam.
- Silambam is a popular variant of martial arts which is performed with the aid of some specific weapons, primarily with bamboo sticks.
- It is widely performed in the regions of Tamil Nadu (India) which is also the birthplace of the game, where it emerged in around 1000 years BCE.
- The word Silambam etymologically means "staff from the hills" with the word meaning of "Silam" being "hills" and "Kambu" being "staff or sticks".
- The game is usually played on an even hard surface where the players use a bamboo stick with its length equivalent to their heights.
- Overall, there are 16 forms of footwork present in this martial art.
Initiatives to promote Silambam
- Recognised as a State Sports: The Government of Tamil Nadu had recognised it as one of the State sports.
- Quota in Admission to Professional Courses: Silambam was also included as one of the sports disciplines for consideration under sports quota for admission into professional courses like medical, engineering, law etc.
- Courses in PET Course: Postgraduate diploma, diploma and certificate courses in Silambam have been included in the curriculum of the Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University.
- Inclusion in state-level School Games: It was included as one of the sports disciplines in State-level school games and has been recognised by the School Games Federation of India as one of its competitions.
- Inclusion in Khelo India Scheme: The Government of India has also approved the inclusion of Silambam under the component of ‘Promotion of Inclusiveness through Sports’ of the New Khelo India Scheme.
- Thanjavur, which is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu, will now be showing the agricultural history of India with the first food museum of India has been established here.
- The food museum has been co-developed by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museums, Bengaluru.
- Thanjavur is the birthplace of FCI where its first office was inaugurated on January 14, 1965.
- The museum showcases the evolution of man from the nomadic hunter groups into the settled agriculture procedures leading to the beginning of civilization. It also displays various ancient grain storage methods, both global and indigenous, challenges in storage, food grain production scenarios across the world as well as in India.
- The museum also digitally display informative content about the journey of FCI, its present operations and the journey of the food grains from farm to plate through FCI.
(Image Source: Telangana Today)
In a recent visit to Madhya Pradesh, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Madhya Pradesh Sickle Cell (Hemoglobinopathy) Mission’, which aims at spreading awareness among people about genetic disorders including ‘Sickle Cell Anaemia.’
- Under the mission, genetic counselling cards were handed over to beneficiaries.
- The initiative aims at screening and managing patients suffering from sickle cell anaemia, thalassemia and other hemoglobinopathies.
Hemoglobinopathy: It is a group of genetically inherited disorders in which the oxygen-carrying protein in the blood- haemoglobin is shaped differently (mostly elongated like a sickle) instead of normal, round or disc shape.
What is Sickle Cell Anaemia?
- Sickle cell anaemia is a common genetic blood illness that affects a person's normal development as well as can become fatal if not diagnosed early.
- Aside from stunting a person's natural growth, it causes extreme pain crises, acute chest syndrome, high-grade fever, and periodic swelling in various body parts.
- It is a genetic disorder and can be passed on from infected parents to children.
Prevalence of Sickle Cell Anaemia in MP
- As per a report by the National Health Mission in Madhya Pradesh, the state has the highest burden of sickle cell anaemia in India.
- An ICMR study done in 2007 found that 10%-33% of the tribal population in Madhya Pradesh is sickle gene affected, & 0.70% are sickle diseased (SS/Homozygous).
- The health mission holds special importance as the people of the ‘Janjatiya Community’ have deeply suffered from the disorder in the past because of unawareness. The impact of the genetically transferred ‘Sickle Cell Anaemia’ is more profound in the tribal community.
- For the consecutive third time, Chhattisgarh will be awarded for being one of the cleanest states of India by President Ram Nath Kovind in New Delhi on November 20.
- In 2019 and 2020 too Chhattisgarh was declared a leading state in terms of cleanliness.
- The Government of Madhya Pradesh has recently announced to create ‘Raja Sangram Shah Award’ for work in the field of tribal art and culture.
- Sangram Shah was a king of the Garha Kingdom of Gondwana, in the state of Madhya Pradesh. He belonged to the Gond Dynasty in central India.
- He was the 48th ruler of the dynasty, and during his reign he had conquered 52 forts to strengthen his kingdom. The Chouragarh Fort in Narsinghpur was built in his honour for conquering 52 forts.
- He was never defeated in his whole life. His initial name was Aman Das and after conquering 52 forts, he later renamed himself.
- Sangram Shah was best known as a patron of arts and literature and he had great knowledge of Sanskrit. "Rasratnamala" was written by him.
- His eldest son, Dalpat Shah, married Rani Durgawati.
- The State Cabinet of Arunachal Pradesh has approved the large, brightly coloured Kaiser-i-Hind as the State butterfly.
- Kaiser-i-Hind (Teinopalpus imperialis) literally means Emperor of India.
- This butterfly is found in six States along the eastern Himalayas at elevations from 6,000-10,000 feet in well-wooded terrain.
- The butterfly is also found in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and southern China.
- Although the Kaiser-i-Hind is protected under Schedule II of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, it is hunted for supply to butterfly collectors.
- The conservation status of Kaiser-i-Hind’ (Teinopalpus imperialis) in IUCN Red List is ‘Near Threatened’.
- The sex ratio in Delhi has increased to 933 females to one thousand males in 2020.
- According to the annual report of the Directorate of Economics and Statistics of the Government of Delhi, this number was 920 in 2019.
- The infant mortality rate in Delhi has also decreased in comparison to 2019. The infant mortality rate per thousand in 2019 was 24.19 and in 2020 it was 20.37.
- In Delhi, the birth rate fell from 18.35 per thousand in 2019 to 14.85 per thousand in 2020. In 2020, a total of 3,01,645 births were registered compared with 3,65,868 in 2019. The death rate in the capital has decreased from 7.29 per thousand in 2019 to 7.03 per thousand in 2020.
What is the sex ratio of India?
- As per Census 2011, the Gender ratio of India is 943 females per 1000 males. There are 949 females to 1000 men in rural areas, while in an urban area, there are 929 females to 1000 males.
- On 18th October 2021, the Government of Assam has decided to add ‘Bhaskarabda’ in addition to ‘Saka’ and ‘Gregorian’ that will be used in the official calendar.
- The local calendar is counted from the date of the ascension of Bhaskaravarman, the 7th-century ruler of Kamrup.
- Bhaskarabda began when Bhaskaravarman was crowned ruler of the Kamrupa kingdom. He was a contemporary and political ally of northern Indian ruler Harshavardhana.
- Unlike the Gregorian, where a day starts at midnight, the Assamese calendar begins and ends at sunrise over 24 hours.
- While the Gregorian goes by the solar cycle, the Saka and Bhaskarabda use a lunisolar system based on both the phases of the moon and the solar year.
- The gap between Bhaskarabda and Gregorian is 593 years.
On 18th September 2021, the Rajasthan Assembly passed the Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill-2021.
- The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill has provisions for life imprisonment for adulteration of food, or drugs and medicines, making their sale a cognisable and non-bailable offence.
- The Bill mainly seeks to empower Food Safety Officers and Drug Inspectors, as well as address the differences in punishment for food adulteration under various laws.
- The Bill amends sections 272 to 276 of the IPC, which deal with offences relating to adulteration of food, drink, drug or medical preparations.
- Following the amendment bill passed in the Assembly, the crimes falling under IPC sections 272 to 276 will be cognisable and non-bailable, once the law becomes an Act.