Current Affairs - State In News
- The Andhra Pradesh government has announced 10% reservation for the Kapu community and other Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) for appointments in the initial posts and services in the State government in accordance with the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019.
- The latest order practically annuls two laws enacted by the previous government in 2019 that split the 10 per cent EWS reservation into equal halves, with one half exclusively for the Kapu community, making it a sub-category under EWS.
- The state government has, in fact, been implementing EWS reservation in education for the last two years following interim orders passed by the High Court in a writ petition.
- Persons who are not covered under the existing scheme of reservations for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and socially and educationally backward classes, with a gross family income below Rs 8 lakh per annum, will get the benefit of EWS reservation.
- The Orissa High Court has appointed a committee of three lawyers to check the living condition of people with leprosy to understand their needs.
- In 2006-2007, Odisha was declared “leprosy free” as per the World Health Organization (WHO) standards.
- According to WHO, regions reporting 1 case per 10,000 of the population can be called leprosy-free.
“HAUSLA- inspiring her growth,” is a comprehensive programme for catalyzing women entrepreneurship in Jammu and Kashmir.
Goal of this Initiative
- The goal of the innovative initiative is to empower women as vital drivers of the overall development process in the UT by identifying and empowering role models, providing them with markets, networks, training, and continuous support, and subsequently building an ecosystem to inspire other local women entrepreneurs.
About the Programme
- The programme has been created in a very scientific manner and that the broad contours include targeting women entrepreneurs in J&K who are already established in the field of self-employment, creating a channel for educated women to explore their options, and potential and then channel their business acumen, assisting them in overcoming challenges related to finances, legal, societal biases by focusing on their innate potential.
- Knowledge about government promotion policies for women entrepreneurs would be disseminated, as well as access to enterprise education and training with a focus on business development, as well as connections to women enterprise networks, associations, business premises, and online marketplaces.
Gender Gap: Top Priority
- The government's top priority is to reduce the gender gap among entrepreneurs, in a systemic manner, as well as to encourage women who are currently employed in a variety of professions, so that they, too, can participate in the 'Hausla' programme.
- To make agriculture sustainable and profitable in the tribal areas, the government of Gujarat has launched Agricultural Diversification Scheme-2021.
- It will benefit Vanbandhu- farmers in tribal areas and more than 1.26 lakh farmers from 14 tribal districts of the state.
- Under this scheme tribal farmers will get fertilizer-seed assistance of Rs. 31 crores in which 45 kg of urea, 50 kg of NPK and 50 kg of ammonium sulphate will be provided.
- Seeds of crops like maize, Bitter Melon (karela), Calabash (dudhi), tomato, millet, etc. are provided under this scheme.
The government of Gujarat has announced the policy for electric vehicles for the next four years.
- The state aims to witness 2 lakh electric vehicles on the roads in next 4 years.
- The policy also aims at making Gujarat, the manufacturing hub for e-vehicles.
- With the new policy, minimum 6 lakh tonnes of carbon emission will be reduced.
- The policy also aims to establish additional 250 charging stations which will take the total number of charging stations in the state to 528.
- Petrol pumps will also be given approval for establishing charging stations.
- The state government will provide subsidy up to Rs. 20 thousand for 2 wheelers, 50 thousand for 3 wheelers and up to 1.5 lakh for 4 wheelers which will be directly credited to bank accounts through DBT.
The Tamil Nadu government has decided to constitute an Economic Advisory Council to the Chief Minister, comprising leading experts, including Nobel laureate Esther Duflo, to chalk out a path for rapid and inclusive economic growth in the State that is facing in the midst of a serious economic crisis induced by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Noted Members of the Council
- Nobel laureate Esther Duflo (from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
- Raghuram Rajan ( Former Reserve Bank of India Governor)
- Arvind Subramanian (Former Chief Economic Advisor to the Government of India)
- Jean Drèze (Development Economist)
- S. Narayan (former Union Finance Secretary)
- The Govt. of Bihar has launched two schemes christened as the 'Mukhya Mantri Yuva Udyaymi Yojna' and the 'Mukhya Mantri Mahila Udyami Yojna' to promote entrepreneurship among youth and women of all sections under the state's 'Mukhaya Mantri Udyami Yojna' scheme.
- Earlier, 'the Mukhya Mantri Udyami Yojna' was started in 2018 and limited to the members of SC, ST and the extremely backward classes (EBCs).
- From now on, youth and women-irrespective of caste and creed, wishing to start entrepreneurship, will get a loan of Rs 10 lakh, in which Rs 5 lakh would be a grant from the state government and the rest Rs 5 lakh will come as loan, refundable in 84 installments.
- The Goa government has notified the formation of Goa Institution for Future Transformation (GIFT), a state planning body modelled on the lines of the Centre’s NITI Aayog.
- The Chairman of GIFT will be the Chief Minister (CM) of Goa (Current CM – Dr. Pramod Sawant).
- It will assist, advise and guide the government on policy making, its formulation and implementation.
- It will also help in monitoring sustainable development goals and evaluation of several development plans, programmes and schemes.
- Uttarakhand Govt. has announced ‘Chief Minister Vatsalya Yojana’ for orphaned children who have lost their parents due to Covid-19.
- Under the scheme, the State Government will make arrangements for their maintenance, education and training for employment up to the age of 21 years.
- They will be given a maintenance allowance of 3000 rupees per month.
- The state government will make laws for the paternal property of these orphans in which no one will have the right to sell their paternal property until they are adults. This responsibility will be with the District Magistrate of the concerned district.
- The children whose parents have died due to Covid-19 will be given 5 percent horizontal reservation in government jobs of the state government.
- The West Bengal cabinet has approved the formation of the Legislative Council - the Upper house of the state legislature. The state had a bicameral legislature but it was abolished in 1969.
- At present, only six states - Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh have Legislative Council.
- The State Legislative Council is established under Article 169 of the Indian Constitution.
- The size of the State Legislative Council cannot be more than one-third of the members of the State Legislative Assembly.
- Parliament of India can create or abolish the State Legislative Council of a state if that state’s legislature passes a resolution for that with a special majority.