Hepatitis An Outbreak in Kerala

  • 16 May 2024

Reports of a massive Hepatitis A outbreak in Kerala’s Malappuram district have raised concerns, with about 8,000 cases and 12 deaths.

  • Hepatitis A is caused by a virus and is highly contagious, often spreading through contaminated food and water.
  • While the infection is largely self-limiting with short-term liver inflammation, it can lead to severe symptoms in older individuals with lower immunity.
  • Symptoms include jaundice, nausea, fever, diarrhoea, and stomach ache, with extreme symptoms indicating criticality and potential liver failure.
  • Treatment is symptomatic with rest, nutrition, and fluids, with severe cases requiring hospital monitoring.
  • Prevention involves vaccination, good hand hygiene, avoiding contaminated food and water, and boiling water if unsure of its safety.