New Caledonia

  • 16 May 2024

In May, 2024, deadly violence erupted in New Caledonia, after Paris approves a constitutional amendment, sparking tensions over voting rights and France's role in the island.

  • At least three deaths occur in protests against a constitutional amendment allowing recent arrivals to vote in provincial elections.
  • New Caledonia, located in the South Pacific, has a diverse population, including Kanak indigenous people and French settlers.
  • The territory holds strategic importance for France's influence in the Indo-Pacific region, particularly amid geopolitical tensions between China and the United States.
  • History with France includes colonization in the 19th century, followed by tensions and conflicts between Paris and Kanak independence movements.
  • The 1998 Nouméa Accord aimed at gradual autonomy, restricting voting to pre-1998 residents, leading to recent tensions over electoral reforms.
  • Macron's plan to increase French influence in the Pacific faces resistance, prompting talks for a negotiated settlement to address voting rights issues.