Recently, the Prime Minister addressed a Natural Farming Conclave, organised in Surat, Gujarat.
About Natural Farming
- It is a chemical-free alias traditional farming method.
- It is considered as agroecology based diversified farming system which integrates crops, trees and livestock with functional biodiversity.
- It is considered as a cost- effective farming practices with scope for raising employment and rural development.
- It is known by various names like; Zero Budget Natural Farming, Prakrithik Krishi, Cow Based Natural Farming, Shashwat Kheti, Chemical Free Agriculture, etc.
- Nature farming is derived from Mokichi Okada’s philosophy of abandoning the use of all chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
- In India, Natural farming is promoted as Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati Programme (BPKP) under centrally sponsored scheme- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).
- Natural Farming aims to increase yields by maximizing production factors like labour, soil, equipment and by avoiding the use of non-natural inputs like fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.
- Natural farming provides food of good quality due to proper soil management.
- The use of animal manure to improve the health of the soil supplies the crops with necessary nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Boost to Farmers’ Income
- It aims to make farming viable and aspirational by increasing net incomes of farmers on account of cost reduction, reduced risks, similar yields, incomes from intercropping, increasing crop intensity along with availing fair price of the crop grown.
- Biodiversity can also be developed and nurtured through natural farming.
- The place where natural farming operates is an ideal habitat for various species because it allows them to breathe clean air that makes them naturally healthy and resistant to illness.
Mitigate Climate Change
- Natural farming fights against climate change.
- Admittedly, the use of synthetically made fertilizers and pesticides to cultivate crops and livestock contributes a huge amount of greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, and methane.
Protect Water Quality
- Aside from reducing the impact of climate change, natural farming can also improve the composition of water by decreasing the amount of preservatives which usually contaminates the water.
Similarities between Natural Farming And Organic Farming
Difference between Natural Farming & Organic Farming