Sure Success Civil Services Classes

Current Affairs - Banking & Finance

Economic Nobel 2022: An Insight to avoid both Serious Crises and Expensive Bailouts

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2022 was awarded to Ben S. Bernanke, Douglas W. Diamond, Philip H. Dybvig (all from the USA) “for research on banks and financial crises”.

  • Together, the work for which Bernanke, Dybvig and Diamond have been recognised has also laid the foundation for modern bank regulations. Their work has been “crucial to subsequent research that has enhanced our understanding of banks, bank regulation, banking crises and how financial crises should be managed”.

India's First International Bullion Exchange

On 29th July 2022, India International Bullion Exchange (IIBX) was launched at Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City) - India’s maiden International Financial Services Centre (IFSC).

Operator of the IIBX

  • A holding company India International Bullion Holding IFSC will operate the International Bullion Exchange.

Asset Monetisation exceeds FY22 Target

The government garnered Rs. 96,000 crore under the National Monetisation Pipeline in FY22, surpassing the target of Rs. 88,000 crore.

  • The figure could touch Rs.1 lakh crore as data was still trickling in and was yet to be finalised.

Ratings Agency

Recently, Finance Secretary accused ratings agencies of “double standards” when assessing emerging markets and developing economies.

  • Fitch, a rating agency, had stated that higher deficits and continued lack of clarity on medium-term consolidation plans in the recent Union Budget was its rationale for projecting of a downward trajectory in the country’s debt/GDP.

Urjit Patel appointed as Vice-President of AIIB

Former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor Urjit Patel has been appointed as a vice-president of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), a Beijing based multilateral development bank.

  • He will succeed outgoing Vice President D J Pandian.

Airtel Payments Bank has been categorised as Scheduled Bank

Airtel Payments Bank has been categorised as a scheduled bank by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Meaning of Scheduled Bank

  • The banks in the Indian banking system are sub categorized as Scheduled Banks, Non-Schedule Banks, Private Banks and Public Banks.
  • Scheduled banks are those banks that are listed under Schedule II of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

SEBI Proposes Rules for Retail Algo Trading

On 9th December, 2021, Capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) proposed a regulatory framework for algorithmic trading (algo trading) by retail investors to make such trading safe and prevent market manipulations.

  • At present, though the broker can identify the orders emanating from an Application Programming Interface (API), they are unable to differentiate between an algo and non-algo order emanating from an API.

RBI opens Govt. Bond Market to Individual Investors

On 12th November 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually launched two innovative customer centric initiatives of RBI: ‘Retail Direct Scheme’ and ‘Reserve Bank - Integrated Ombudsman Scheme, 2021’.

Retail Direct Scheme

  • RBI’s Retail Direct scheme will enable small investors to participate in the government’s bond market for their financial security.

RBI grants a Banking Licence to Unity Small Finance Bank

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued a Small Finance Bank (SFB) licence to ‘Unity Small Finance Bank’ - a consortium of Centrum Financial Services Limited (CFSL), the small business lending arm of the Centrum Group, and Resilient Innovations Private Limited (BharatPe), a fintech company.

  • This new bank license has been issued by the RBI after a gap of nearly 6 years.

e-RUPI: A Digital Payment Solution

e-RUPI, a person and purpose specific digital payment solution was launched on 2nd August 2021.


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