Current News - News Crux - Important Days/Weeks
August 30 marks the annual observance of National Small Industry Day in India, a day dedicated to acknowledging the role of small industries in the country's progress and offering support for their growth.
- Recognizing Small Industries' Contribution: The significance of National Small Industry Day lies in honoring the contributions made by small industries to India's economic advancement.
- Local Employment and Scale: Small industries typically engage in local-scale manufacturing and service provision.
- These businesses serve as significant employers, recruiting local workforce. The investment ceiling for such enterprises is capped at Rs 1 crore.
- They serve as a key solution to unemployment and underemployment challenges in India.
- Historical Origins: On August 30, 2000, the Ministry of Small-Scale Industries introduced a comprehensive policy package aimed at enhancing small businesses' growth through infrastructure and technology development. A year later, the Centre formally declared August 30 as the National Small Industry Day.
- "Vocal for Local" Initiative: In line with Prime Minister "vocal for local" initiative, the best way to commemorate National Small Industry Day is to support local businesses.
- Purchasing goods and services from small enterprises fosters their growth, enabling them to provide more employment opportunities.
World Senior Citizen Day is observed annually on August 21. World Senior Citizen Day is a tribute to their invaluable contributions in shaping society and imparting essential life lessons.
- Status of Senior Citizens in India: In India, individuals aged sixty or older, particularly retirees, are commonly referred to as senior citizens.
- Historical Background: In 1988, Ronald Reagan, the then President of the United States, officially designated August 21 as a day to honour senior citizens for their accomplishments and contributions. He proclaimed August 21 as World Senior Citizen Day.
August 12th marks International Youth Day, an annual observance dedicated to recognizing the challenges faced by young individuals globally and advocating for their untapped potential.
- Significance of International Youth Day: International Youth Day aims to raise awareness about the obstacles and issues encountered by youth worldwide while promoting their untapped capabilities.
- Youth as Agents of Change: The 2023 International Youth Day underscores the pivotal role of young people as the foundation of the world.
- Their vitality, adaptability, and steadfast dedication hold the potential to initiate positive transformations, be it on a global scale or within local communities.
- Historical Background: International Youth Day was first celebrated in 2000, following its endorsement by the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth on December 17, 1999.
- Annual Theme: The chosen theme for 2023 is 'Green Skills for Youth: Towards a Sustainable World.'
- Defining Green Skills: According to the United Nations, green skills encompass the knowledge, competencies, values, and attitudes required to live, develop, and support a sustainable and resource-efficient society.
- Promoting Environment Sustainability: These skills encompass technical expertise for using green technologies and processes, as well as cross-cutting skills that enable environmentally conscious decisions.
Every year on August 10, the global community comes together to observe World Lion Day, a significant occasion that raises awareness about the challenges faced by lions and highlights their vital role in the ecosystems.
- Origins and Purpose: World Lion Day was established in 2013 by Big Cat Rescue, the world's largest accredited sanctuary dedicated to lions.
- Founder: The initiative was co-founded by Dereck and Beverly Joubert, who recognized the urgent need to draw attention to the declining lion populations and the threats they encounter in their natural habitats.
- United Efforts for Conservation: In 2013, the partnership between National Geographic and the Big Cat Initiative led to the inception of World Lion Day.
- Promoting Awareness and Conservation: World Lion Day holds immense significance as it amplifies the call for action and support in securing a sustainable future for lions.
- The day underscores the pivotal role of lions in ecosystems and their cultural importance, emphasizing the urgent need for their conservation.
In order to raise awareness of the needs of these population groups, every 9 August commemorates the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples.
- Theme: Indigenous Youth as Agents of Change for Self-determination.
- Origin: This date, adopted in December 1994 by UN General Assembly resolution 49/214, marks the date ofthe first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights held in Geneva in 1982.
- Global Presence: Indigenous Peoples have a presence in various corners of the globe, owning, occupying, or utilizing about 22% of the world's land.
- This diverse group, numbering between 370-500 million, embodies a substantial portion of the world's cultural richness.
- They speak the majority of the planet's 7,000 languages and embody around 5,000 distinct cultures.
- Shared Challenges: Despite their cultural diversity, Indigenous Peoples face common challenges concerning the protection of their distinct rights.
- Many continue to grapple with issues like marginalization, dire poverty, and violations of their human rights.
- UNESCO's Supportive Role: Recognizing their vital role in maintaining global cultural and biological diversity, UNESCO prioritizes the needs of Indigenous Peoples in its initiatives.
- Fostering Diversity: UNESCO's efforts are aimed at empowering Indigenous Peoples to address their unique challenges while safeguarding the world's diverse cultural and biological landscapes.
World Wide Web Day is observed on August 1 each year to commemorate the creation and impact of the World Wide Web (www) on the world.
- World Wide Web's Inception: On August 1, 1991, Tim Berners-Lee proposed the concept of the World Wide Web on the alt.hypertext newsgroup, marking its significant beginning.
- History of the World Wide Web: Sir Tim Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web in 1989 while working at CERN (the European Organisation for Nuclear Research).
- The first web browser, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus), and the first web server, "httpd," were developed by Berners-Lee and his colleague Robert Cailliau in 1990.
- The world's first website went live on August 6, 1991, hosted on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer, which also served as the world's first web server.
- Importance of World Wide Web Day: World Wide Web Day provides an opportunity to reflect on the impact of the internet on people's lives and celebrate the creativity and genius of Tim Berners-Lee and other contributors to its development.
World Breastfeeding Week is observed in the first week of August each year to raise awareness about the significance of breastfeeding for the proper development of newborns.
- Theme: This year's theme, "Let's make breastfeeding and work, work!" aims to promote workplace-related breastfeeding practices globally.
- The Crucial Role of Breastfeeding: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 2.7 million child deaths annually (45% of all child deaths) are associated with undernutrition.
- Breastfeeding plays a vital role in promoting healthy growth and development in infants, providing numerous benefits for both the child and the mother.
- Breastfeeding Guidelines by WHO and UNICEF: Mothers are encouraged to initiate breastfeeding within one hour of birth.
- Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months of the child's life.
- Safe complementary foods should be introduced to the child at six months, along with continued breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond.
On World Ranger Day, observed on July 31st, people worldwide unite to pay tribute and show gratitude to the courageous individuals who dedicate their lives to safeguarding wildlife and preserving natural resources.
- Appreciation for Unsung Heroes: World Ranger Day provides an opportunity to acknowledge the selfless efforts of these brave individuals who work tirelessly day and night to protect delicate ecosystems and endangered species on our planet.
- Theme for World Ranger Day 2023: This year's theme for World Ranger Day is "30 by 30," building on the momentum from the 2022 United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15).
- Focus on "30 by 30": The "30 by 30" theme emphasizes the need to protect at least 30% of the Earth's land and oceans by 2030 to ensure the preservation of biodiversity and sustainable ecosystems.
Every year on 28 July, World Nature Conservation Day is observed to raise awareness about the importance of conserving nature and its valuable resources.
- Conservation Awareness: World Nature Conservation Day is celebrated to create awareness and emphasize the significance of conserving various natural resources, including water, air, soil, energy, vegetation, minerals, and animal life.
- Theme of 2023: The theme for World Nature Conservation Day 2023 is 'Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet,' highlighting the crucial role forests play in sustaining both human livelihoods and the planet's health.
- Concerns for Topsoil: The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization warns that by 2050, 90% of the Earth's topsoil could be at risk, indicating a critical threat to soil health and its implications on agriculture and ecosystems.
Every year on 29 July, International Tiger Day is observed worldwide to raise awareness and support tiger conservation efforts.
- Origin of the Day: International Tiger Day was adopted during the 2010 St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia as a global initiative to protect and preserve tigers.
- India's Milestone Celebration: This year, India commemorated the completion of 50 years of Project Tiger, which was launched on April 1, 1973.
- Tiger Population in India: According to statistics from the Government of India, there are approximately 3,000 tigers in the country, making up 70% of the world's tiger population.
- India's Role in Tiger Conservation: India is home to more than half of the world's wild tiger population, making it a significant player in tiger conservation efforts.
- IUCN: However, tigers are still listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List, indicating the importance of continued conservation initiatives.