New Delhi Metallo Lactamase Gene- NDM-1 Gene

Why is it in News?

NDM1 Gene has recently been detected in the Arctic region.

What is Antimicrobial Resistance?

Antibiotics are generally produced from soil microorganism and they kill the bacteria by targeting the specific cells of the bacteria. At the same time Antimicrobial resistance is a natural phenomenon where bacteria mutates and cells which were earlier targeted by Antibiotics gets modified. Microorganisms that become resistant to two or more drugs are referred to as ‘Superbugs’.

What is NDM1 Gene?

NDM1 was first identified in 2008 in a Klebsiella Pneumoniae Bacteria. Bacteria having NDM1 Genes are usually resistant to most of the Antibiotic drugs. In this way, it can lead to a range of conditions, such as a urinary tract, bloodstream, or wound infections and pneumonia.