Gravitational Lensing

Recently, researchers plan to investigate how new stars are born using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. For this, they will take the help of a natural phenomenon called Gravitational Lensing. Consider the following statements regarding the gravitational lensing:

  1. The phenomenon occurs when a huge amount of matter, such as a massive galaxy or cluster of galaxies, creates a gravitational field that distorts and magnifies the light from objects behind it, but in the same line of sight.
  2. The investigation is a part of the programme called Targeting Extremely Magnified Panchromatic Lensed Arcs and Their Extended Star Formation (TEMPLATES).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Only 1
Only 2
Both 1 and 2
None of the above