Paris Agreement

Recently, the world’s fourth largest emitter, Russia, formally adopted the Paris Agreement. Consider the following statements regarding the Paris Agreement:

  1. The Agreement came in to force on 22nd April 2016 – Earth Day – at UN Headquarters in New York.
  2. It aims to substantially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing means to limit the increase to 2 degrees.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Only 1
Only 2
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2