September 15 is observed as Engineer’s Day in India to mark the birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a civil engineer and a statesman. Sir MV, as he is also known, made contributions to several technical projects in his career in Hyderabad, Mysore, Maharashtra and Orissa. In 1955, he was .... Read More
Government scientists have detected a hormone-disrupting fungal toxin called zearalenone in maize, oats, rice and wheat in India and asked the country’s food authority to set safety limits for the toxin as many other countries have done.
What is Zearalenone?
Zearalenone is a fungal toxin infesting cereals such as wheat, maize and .... Read More
Arsenic accumulation in rice grains is one of the serious agricultural issues in India. To address this, researchers at Lucknow-based CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute have developed transgenic rice by inserting a novel fungal gene, which results in reduced arsenic accumulation in rice grain.
Developing Transgenic Rice Capable of Low Arsenic Accumulation
In .... Read More
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Astrogeology Science Center in collaboration with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Lunar & Planetary Institute (LPI) has released the latest comprehensive geologic map of the Moon.
Unified Geologic Map of the Moon
Called the ‘Unified Geologic Map of the Moon’, it represents the .... Read More
An international team of astronomers have discovered the most distant ‘radio-loud’ quasar named P172+18 with the help of European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (ESO’s VLT).
It took 13 billion years for the quasar’s light to reach earth.
Radio-loud quasars are quasars with powerful jets that are strong sources of radio-wavelength emission. .... Read More
An Indian team of Scientists has been studying haematite concretions in Kutch and their study has revealed recently that the ‘blueberries’ in India and Mars share similar characteristics.
In 2004, NASA’s Mars exploration rover ‘Opportunity’ found several small spheres on the planet, informally named Martian blueberries.
Opportunity’s mini spectrometers studied .... Read More
Recently Russian scientists launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikail, the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.
The Baikal-GVD is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world along with the IceCube at the South .... Read More
On 4th February 2021, a global collaboration for the world’s largest radio telescope took formal shape with the constitution of an Intergovernmental Council. With the ratification of the UK, the last of the host countries, the Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO) Council came into existence.
The SKA project is an international .... Read More
Recently, researchers from IIT Guwahati have come up with new insights into the part played by neutrinos in the dramatic death of massive stars i.e., Type II supernovas.
They have suggested that two-type neutrino oscillation models are inadequate to study Type II supernova and they should be replaced by a .... Read More
On January 31, Stardust 1.0 was launched in Maine, US, and became the first commercial space launch powered by biofuel, which is non-toxic for the environment as opposed to traditionally used rocket fuels.
It carried three payloads: a cubesat prototype built by high school students, a metal alloy designed to lessen .... Read More
A supermassive black hole, which is estimated to weigh up to 100 billion times the mass of the Sun, is seemingly missing, leaving astronomers puzzled.
Every large galaxy in the universe has a supermassive black hole at its centre, whose mass is millions or billions of times that of the Sun. .... Read More
Astronomers from the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) have spotted rare hot Ultraviolet (UV)-bright stars in Milky Way’s massive intriguing globular cluster called NGC 2808 that is said to have at least five generations of stars.
Globular clusters are collections of thousands to millions of stars, moving as one unit.These stars .... Read More
NASA's TESS mission (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite) has discovered a system with three transiting exoplanets — including an ultra-short-period super Earth — around TOI-561, one of the oldest stars in our Milky Way Galaxy.
TOI-561 is a bright star located 280.5 light-years away in the constellation of Sextans.
The star is approximately .... Read More
A new study titled 'Theia 456: A New Stellar Association in the Galactic Disk' has revealed that milky Way galaxy houses about 8,292 stellar streams.
A stellar stream is a rare linear pattern-rather than a cluster-of stars.
All stellar streams found in our Milky Way galaxy are named Theia after the .... Read More
NASA has discovered that after nearly 400 years, Saturn and Jupiter – the two largest planets in our solar system – have become closest in the night sky by an astronomical event called the “great conjunction” and popularly referred to as the “Christmas Star”.
On 21st December 2020, almost all the .... Read More
On 24th November 2020, China successfully landed a probe Chang’e-5on the moon.Chang’e-5 lunar mission will become the first probe in over four decades to bring back samples of lunar rock from a previously unexplored portion of the Moon. It will collect the first lunar samples gathered since the Soviet Union’s .... Read More
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency or JAXA’s Hayabusa 2 spacecraft is all set to land on Earth. The craft is bringing soil samples from an asteroid called Ryugu and is expected to land in a remote location in Australia by 5th December.
Hayabusa 2 is a Japanese mission launched in December .... Read More
On 20th October 2020, NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex(Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) spacecraft briefly touched asteroid Bennu, from where it is meant to collect samples of dust and pebbles and deliver them back to Earth in 2023.
The spacecraft’s robotic arm called the Touch-And-Go Sample Acquisition Mechanism (TAGSAM), made an .... Read More
In a recent study, NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) has confirmed, for the first time, water on the sunlit surface of the Moon.
SOFIA has detected water molecules (H2O) in Clavius Crater, one of the largest craters visible from Earth, located in the Moon’s southern hemisphere.
SOFIA is a .... Read More
A team of scientists have reported traces of phosphine gas in the atmosphere of Venus. The discovery has triggered global excitement about the possibility of the presence of lifeforms on the neighbouring planet.
They have reported traces of phosphine in concentration of approximately 20 parts per billion, which is thousands to .... Read More
Solar Cycle Prediction Panel of NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have jointly announced the end of solar cycle 24 and commencement of solar cycle 25.
Solar cycle 25 is the current solar cycle pattern of sunspot activity. It began in December 2019 with the observation of a .... Read More
Recently, the Himalayan Chandra Telescope, housed within the Indian Astronomical Observatory (IAO) at Ladakh, completed its 20 years in operation.
HCT is a 2-m diameter optical-infrared telescope which is also called as the crown jewel of Indian astronomy. It has been used for scanning the space to search a variety of .... Read More
India’s first Multi-Wavelength Space Observatory ASTROSAT detected extreme-UV light originating from a galaxy called AUDFs01 that is 9.3 billion light-years away from Earth. There are four subdivisions of ultraviolet radiation: near-ultraviolet (NUV), middle ultraviolet (MUV), far-ultraviolet (FUV), and extreme ultraviolet (EUV).
The galaxy called AUDFs01 was discovered by a team of .... Read More
Ceres is a dwarf planet and the largest object in the Great Asteroid Belt, and it has a new distinction today: ocean world.
The latest data from NASA’s Dawn mission proves the almost Ocean-planet has a vast repository of salty water hiding below its surface. That makes it a possible .... Read More
A recent research has solved a forty-year-old puzzle regarding the production of lithium in stars.
Astronomers regard lithium as fragile metal which easily gets destroyed in the hot interiors of stars. This is confirmed by observations of lithium on the surface of stars. Lithium becomes less abundant as a star age, .... Read More
The LIGO Scientific and VIRGO Collaborations (LSC) have detected an unusual compact object whose mass falls in between that of a typical black hole and a neutron star.
The new study from the National Science Foundation’s Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and the Virgo detector in Europe, has announced the .... Read More
NASA had announced that a giant asteroid was expected to pass Earth at a safe distance on June 6. The asteroid is estimated to be between 250-570 meters in diameter. The asteroid, named 163348 (2002 NN4), is a Near-Earth Object (NEO) and is classified as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA).
Near-Earth .... Read More
A team of scientists, while reviewing old observations from NASA’s Kepler space telescope, has recently discovered an Earth-size exoplanet, Kepler-1649c.
Robovetter, the computer algorithm developed to sort through the massive amounts of data from the Kepler spacecraft, had mislabelled the exoplanet but researchers reviewing Kepler data correctly identified it.
Named Kepler-1649c, the .... Read More
The result of a long drawn survey led by the Carnegie Institution for Science, published recently, has revealed fresh insights into the formation and growth of the universe.
The Carnegie-Spitzer-IMACS Redshift Survey- an experiment spanning a decade- observed tens of thousands of galaxies using the Magellan Baade Telescope at Carnegie's .... Read More
In a significant new study, a team of scientists has been able to solve the mystery of hot upper atmosphere of Saturn, and possibly other gas giants like Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune. The Sun is too far from these planets to cause the heating. Therefore, it remained to be known .... Read More
An international team comprising astronomers from the US, Canada and the UK has developed a cloud atlas- a model that predicts which of the many types of proposed clouds to expect on hot Jupiters- gas giant planets situated very close to their host stars and having short orbital periods of .... Read More
In what could be termed as a new milestone, an international team of astronomers has shed light on how black holes grow over time by developing a new model to predict if growth by accretion or by mergers is dominant.
The New Model
The team developed a theoretical model to determine the .... Read More
An international team of astronomers, led by the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, has recently discovered a Super-Earth.
The Super-Earth, which is yet to be named, was discovered by an event called OGLE-2018-BLG-0677 which used the gravitational microlensing technique.
The process involved combining microlensing observations gathered by the Optical Gravitational .... Read More
An international team of astronomers led by PSL University, France, analyzing observations made with the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT), has revealed the telltale signs of a star system being born.
Though thousands of exoplanets have been discovered so far, not much is known about how they form. .... Read More
An international team of researchers, led by University of Geneva in Switzerland, has observed WASP-76b- an extreme exoplanet where it rains iron.
Using the ESPRESSO instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of European Southern Observatory (ESO), the team observed WASP-76b which is located about 640 light-years away in the .... Read More
Teams of astronomers from Sydney Institute for Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Centre in Poland and some other institutes, acting on clues from citizen scientists, discovered a binary star in the Milky Way galaxy that pulsates on only one side- the first such stellar object to be identified.
The star, named HD74423, .... Read More
An international team of astrophysicists from Durham University in the UK has made an important discovery with regard to the diameter of Milky Way, the galaxy that houses our solar system.
Milky Way’s Edge
It has been known for long that Milky Way has a brighter part which is a pancake-shaped disk .... Read More
A group of astronomers recently detected the biggest explosion seen since Big Bang, that is, the beginning of the universe.
Ophiuchus and the Explosion
The study was led by International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research- a joint venture between Curtin University and The University of Western Australia.
The discovery was made using four .... Read More
The Solar Orbiter Mission- a joint effort of NASA and European Space Agency (ESA)- was launched on 10th February.
Solar Orbiter Mission
Solar Orbiter was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, by NASA’s Atlas V 411 rocket.
Armed with a robust heat shield, it will travel to as close as 26 million miles from .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is getting ready to launch Aditya-L1- its first Mission to study the Sun. This will be India’s second space-based astronomy expedition after AstroSat, launched in 2015.
The Mission was initially conceived as Aditya-1 in which a 400kg class satellite, carrying only one payload, was planned to .... Read More
NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered its first Earth-size exoplanet- TOI 700 d- in the habitable zone of its star. The discovery was later confirmed by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope.
TOI 700 d
TESS, using the transit method, discovered three planets, named TOI 700 b, c and d, orbiting around .... Read More
In a remarkable discovery, an international team of astronomers from the University of Warwick and the Millennium Nucleus for Planet Formation (NPF) at the University of Valparaiso has reported the first indirect evidence of a giant planet orbiting a white dwarf star.
The White Dwarf: WDJ0914+1914
Using the Very Large Telescope of .... Read More
An international team of astronomers led by the National Astronomical Observatory of China (under the Chinese Academy of Sciences) recently discovered a monster black hole. It has been named LB-1. The study has caught the attention of the scientific community as it challenges the existing models of evolution of stars.
About .... Read More
Scientists on April 15thprovided the most comprehensive look to date of one of the solar system’s most exotic features: prime lakeside property in the northern polar region of Saturn’s moon Titan.
Using data obtained by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft before that mission ended in 2017 with a deliberate plunge into Saturn, .... Read More
Recently, the world saw its first ever black hole image. The world’s first image of a black hole revealed on April 10 was created using data from eight radio telescopes around the world.
Now, the black hole also has a name. A language professor has given a Hawaiian name “Powehi”to the .... Read More
Scientists at Cambridge have finished designing the ‘brain’ of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), the world’s largest radio telescope. On completion, the SKA will enable astronomers to monitor the sky in unprecedented detail and survey the entire sky much faster than any system currently in existence.
SKA’s Science Data Processor (SDP)
The .... Read More
A team of Astronomers of a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency’s Gaia observation craft, on March 7th announced that they had accurately calculated the mass of the Milky Way for the first time, using new data sets that include the weight of dark matter.
The expert team calculated .... Read More
The Indian multi-wavelength space observatory AstroSat, launched in September 2015, continues to yield exciting results.
Using this observatory, astronomers from Thiruvananthapuram and Mumbai have identified a new population of ultraviolet stars in the globular cluster NGC 2808.
Globular clusters are collections of thousands to millions of stars, moving as one unit. .... Read More
A group of solar physicists recently suggested that the “solar dynamo” is linked to the production of sunspots.
However, what kick-starts the 11-year sunspot cycle is not known. According to them, a “solar tsunami” is at work that triggers the new sunspot cycle, after the old one ends.
What is Solar Tsunami?
A .... Read More
The daily exchange of data between antennas on Earth and those on NASA spacecraft at Mars is about to get much quieter for a few weeks because of Mars solar conjunction. For NASA’s spacecraft, this will happen between August 28 and September 7.
During Mars solar conjunction, Mars and Earth .... Read More
Space effectively acts as a time machine - the further away we look, the further back in time we’re seeing as it also takes a greater amount of time for the light to reach our eyes. Using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope as a sort of time machine, researchers plan .... Read More
Several meteor showers can be seen around the year. Among the brightest and best known of them is the Perseid Meteor Shower, which has been active from July to was observed August 26. The showers peaked on the night of the 19th and 20th August.
The Perseids occur as the .... Read More
There might be life on the Moon after all: thousands of virtually indestructible creatures that can withstand extreme radiation, sizzling heat, the coldest temperatures of the universe, and decades without food. These terrifying-sounding beings are not aliens but instead microscopic Earthlings known as tardigrades, who likely made it out alive .... Read More
According to a recently published study, the black hole — called Sagittarius A* — is hungrier than ever before, consuming unusually large amounts of dust and gas. Researchers at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) are still trying to ascertain the reason for such unusual activity.
A supermassive black .... Read More
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and European Space Agency (ESA) asteroid researchers and spacecraft engineers, along with other researchers from around the world met in Rome, Italy from 1-13 September to check the progress of Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission.
Aim of the Mission
This mission aims to deflect the .... Read More
An international team of scientists has shed new light on coronal heating- one of the long-standing mysteries surrounding the Sun. The observations, published in the journal Science, have far reaching implications with respect to our understanding of the solar system.
Distance from a source of heat should result in reduced .... Read More
India imports helium for its needs, and with the U.S. appearing set to cut off exports of helium since 2021, Indian industry stands to lose out heavily.
The U.S. is the most important exporter of helium across the world.
Qatar is a possible exporter but acute political and diplomatic wrangles have .... Read More
The Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD) for Exploration and Research has taken up Uranium exploration in Arunachal Pradesh along India- China border.
The exploration was taken up in Aalo of West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, about 619 metres from ground level.
Uranium (U) is a radioactive chemical element of the actinoid .... Read More
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Bharat Biotech International are looking at bringing the messenger RNA platform to India after seeing its successful use in quick development of covid-19 vaccines by US-based Pfizer and Moderna.
CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT) will be looking at supplying lipid nanoparticles, which .... Read More
Recently the LHCb Collaboration at CERN has found particles not behaving in the way they should according to the guiding theory of particle physics – the Standard Model.
The LHCb experiment is one of the four huge particle detectors at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The other three are ATLAS, CMS .... Read More
Scientists from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru, led by Prof. Kanishka Biswas have now identified a lead-free material called Cadmium (Cd) doped Silver Antimony Telluride (AgSbTe2) which can efficiently allow recovery of electricity from ‘waste heat’.It can efficiently convert waste heat to power our small home .... Read More
A recent study by NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences) has revealed that excessive alcohol consumption can cause irreversible changes to the DNA.
It is common knowledge that excessive alcohol consumption is bad for health. But the assumption that all the damage can be set right after a .... Read More
Arunachal Pradesh could be India’s prime producer of vanadium, a high-value metal used in strengthening steel and titanium.
Exploration being carried out by Geological Survey of India (GSI) has placed the eastern Himalayan State on the vanadium map of the country and geologists are confident of identifying a deposit soon.
Scientists .... Read More
India's drug regulator, Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, has given emergency use authorisation (EUA) to Oxford- AstraZeneca’s Covishield and Bharat Biotech’s indigenously developed Covaxin. The subject expert committee (SEC) under CDSCO has recommended Covishield, for emergency use and Covaxin for restricted use.
Covishield is local name for the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine .... Read More
Recently, the Singapore Food Agency (SFA) has approved the sale of a lab-grown meat product. This is the first-time cultured meat has been cleared for sale anywhere in the world.
The product approved by the SFA is cultured chicken, produced by US-based Eat Just. The company has announced the product will .... Read More
Recently, a rush of interim analyses from pharmaceutical companies Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech has spurred optimism that a novel type of vaccine made from messenger RNA, known as mRNA, can offer high levels of protection by preventing COVID-19 among people who are vaccinated.
Moderna’s new mRNA vaccine is almost 94.5% effective in .... Read More
Recently,the government decided to set up a desalination plant in Mumbai. The plant is being set up to overcome the problem of water shortage faced by the city in summer.
The proposed plant will come up at Manori and is expected to process 200 million litres of water daily (MLD).
The .... Read More
Amidst a potential shortage of nasal swabs to collect samples for coronavirus testing, researchers have come up with an alternative: 3D-printed nasal swabs. It is a cheaper alternative for commercial swabs.
A clinical trial has provided evidence that 3D-printed alternative nasal swabs work as well, and safely, as the standard commercial .... Read More
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has banned the adulteration and blending of any other edible oil with mustard oil.
Rice bran oil, palm oil or any other cheap edible oil is used for adulteration with mustard oil. By mixing cheap edible oil with mustard oil, businessmen make more .... Read More
Recently, government has informed that it has no intention of making the Uniform Code for Pharmaceutical Marketing Practices (UCPMP) mandatory on pharmaceutical companies.
It is a voluntary code issued by the Department of Pharmaceuticals under the Union Ministry of Chemical and Fertilizers relating to marketing practices for pharmaceutical companies as well .... Read More
According to the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) Report 2020 released by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru has predicted that the number of cancer cases in the country will rise to 15.6 lakhs by 2025 - a 12% .... Read More
The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified removing TFA from global food systems a "best buy" (a measure that is cost-effective and feasible to implement) that can have an exponential positive impact on global health.
With close to 5.8 million people dying of non-communicable diseases (NCD) annually, India already had a .... Read More
Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare declared the results of a serological survey carried out in Delhi between 27th June and 10th July, 2020.
The survey included the IgG Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) test which estimates the proportion of the population exposed to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
The blood samples were collected .... Read More
China has released genome sequencing data for the coronavirus responsible for a recent outbreak in Beijing and it has shared this data with WHO and GISAID.
The Beijing genome data was based on three samples - two human and one environmental - collected on the same day the Chinese capital .... Read More
Recently, the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) has been selected as one of the Biological Knowledge and Resource Centre of the Indian Initiative on Earth BioGenome Sequencing (IIEBS).
IIEBS is a nationwide project to decode the genetic information of all known species of plants and animals in .... Read More
In a significant development, a team of scientists has discovered a novel mechanism of suppression which inhibits cancer-specific immune responses and developed new methods of activating the immune cells against cancer.
Mechanism of Suppression
In patients with tumor, the ability of the immune system (especially the CD8+ T cells) to eliminate cancer .... Read More
A team of scientists recently developed a new method of directed protein evolution to optimize proteins directly in mammalian cells for various applications. This has taken protein engineering efforts to a new level.
Directed Protein Evolution
In the current research, using a new method of directed evolution of proteins, scientists successfully created .... Read More
Taking a clue from the mythological ‘Trojan Horse’ which was used as subterfuge by the Greeks in the battle of Troy, researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati (IIT-G) have devised new method for treating Alzheimer’s disease.
The study, which lasted five years, aimed at understanding the neuro-chemical principles of .... Read More
In a path-breaking research, scientists at the University of Vermont (UVM) and Tufts University have repurposed living cells scraped from frog embryos and assembled them to create world’s first living robots, called Xenobots. A Xenobot is neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal; rather it comes under .... Read More
Scientists at the University of Lincoln recently developed a prototype for the first 3D printed, sensor-operated prosthetic arm designed for toddlers. It has been termed SIMPA- Soft-Grasp Infant Myoelectric Prosthetic Arm.
The device has soft grip fingers and uses a seven-channel paediatric armband fitted with sensors to detect electrical signals naturally .... Read More
China has approved the world’s first multi-targeting and carbohydrate-based drug GV-971 for Alzheimer’s disease. China has the highest Alzheimer’s affected population in the world.
It has been extracted from brown algae and can treat mild to moderate forms of the disease and improve cognition.
This is the only drug out of .... Read More
Scientists in the United States recently tested CRISPR- the gene editing tool- in cancer patients. The test focussed on assessing the safety of the technique; but the primary goal of editing patient’s genes was to enable their immune system to attack cancer. The researchers removed ‘T cells’ from the patients’ .... Read More
The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a global campaign that urges countries to adopt its new online tool aimed at guiding policy-makers and health workers to use antibiotics safely and more effectively.
Aim of the Campaign
Aims to achieve a 60 per cent increase in use of antibiotics under the Access .... Read More
In a surprising discovery, researchers at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Mumbai have found a novel function for serotonin (a chemical that signals between neurons).
The recent discovery establishes that serotonin is involved in the generation of new mitochondria (the powerhouse of the cell) in neurons, increased cellular respiration .... Read More
Singapore has reported its first case of the rare monkeypox virus brought in by a Nigerian man who as per authorities might have been infected by bushmeat eaten by him at a wedding.
How is Monkeypox Spread?
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans from .... Read More
What is West Nile Fever?
Typically a virus infection spreads by the infected Culex mosquitos. West Nile Virus (WNV) spreads from birds to humans and with the bite of an infected mosquito.
This is mostly affected by people with a weak immune system.
How does it spread?
It is spread mostly through mosquito .... Read More
From November 19 to 22, Pune hosted an international conference on microbiome research — a field of study that is still in its infancy in India. That could be set to change, with a proposed project that would study and map the human microbiome across the country.
What it Means
Roles Played .... Read More
A new algorithm developed by Delhi-based researchers makes it easy to identify rare cells from a dataset comprising millions of cells can be hugely daunting. Now, it can find rare cells from a very large pool of cells in a matter of seconds.
The algorithm — Finder of Rare Entities (FiRE) .... Read More
The report charting out the process for implementing the National Digital Health Blueprint (NDHB) has been completed. The Chairman of the National Digital Health Blueprint (NDHB) Committee, J Satyanarayana submitted the final report to Union Health Minister recently.
National Digital Health Blueprint
NDHB aims to create a National Digital Health Eco-system that .... Read More
Researchers at the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) have created the world’s first plant-powered camera at London Zoo, a breakthrough that promises to revolutionize field conservation. But just as importantly, a fern named Pete has used the camera to take the world’s first plant-powered selfie.
Scientists achieved this feat by .... Read More
The South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) has initiated the work to notify malaria in the capital, after the instruction by the Union Health Ministry to make Malaria and Dengue Notifiable diseases.
What is a Notifiable Disease?
Notified by Law: A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be .... Read More
Four cases of suspected Chandipura virus infection were reported in Gujarat. Of the four suspected cases, two children have already died while two others are under tertiary care.
What is this Virus?
Named after the Maharashtra village where the virus was first discovered, the likely vector (carrier) of the virus is the .... Read More
The World Health Organization has declared the Ebola crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo a “public health emergency of international concern”. More than 1,600 people have died since August 2018 in the second-worst outbreak of the disease in history.
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a virus that initially causes sudden fever, .... Read More
India has joined the Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) Hub as a new member. This was announced by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology in New Delhi.
Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub
The Global AMR R&D Hub was launched in May 2018 in .... Read More
A team of scientists from National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS), Pune, and Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU) has discovered a key cellular mechanism in Huntington disease (HD) - a progressive genetic disorder which affects the brain.
HTT Gene and the Cellular Mechanism
The scientists studied the cellular mechanism of the disease .... Read More
Researchers at the Yale Cancer Center (YCC) in the USA have discovered a new biological approach that can stop Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which happens to be the primary cause of many types of cancers.
The New Approach to Block HPV
The new method targets the entry path adopted by HPV for .... Read More
Recently, Helina (Helicopter based NAG), a key homemade anti-tank guided missile, has completed its user trials with the armed forces and is ready for induction.
It is a third generationfire and forget class anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system mounted on the Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH).
The system has all weather day .... Read More
On 14th February 2021, Indian Prime Minister has handed over the first Arjun Mark 1A tanks, a much-upgraded version of the indigenously-developed Arjun main battle tank (MBT), to the Indian Army.
The army will get 118 units of the Main Battle Tank, indigenously designed, developed and manufactured by CVRDE and DRDO .... Read More
Recently, Indian Army has said that it seeks to revamp its communication systems by procuring Very/Ultra High Frequency (V/UHF) Manpack Software Defined Radios (SDRs), under Make-II category.
The contract will be placed with one of the firms post successful development of prototype as per provisions of Buy Indian-IDDM category of DAP .... Read More
On 22nd February 2021, while speaking on the budget allocation for India’s defence sector, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for ‘Aatmanirbhar’ in the defence sector and the need to focus on exports in the sector.
He also pitched about the untapped potential of India’s manufacturing for military equipment and .... Read More
On January 21, DRDO successfully conducted captive and release trial of indigenously developed Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) from Hawk-i of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Balasore off the Odisha coast.
SAAW is indigenously designed and developed by DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI) Hyderabad.
This is 125 Kg class smart weapon, .... Read More
On 25th January, India successfully test-fired the new-generation Akash missile from Chandipur integrated test range off the Odisha coast.
The Akash-NG (new-generation) missile is a surface to air missile with brand-new rocket motor. Instead of the old ramjet that powered the legacy Akash missile, the new version has a two-pulse, .... Read More
India has conducted successful maiden test of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MR-SAM) for the Indian Army. It is jointly developed by the DRDO and Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI).
The launch was conducted from the Integrated Test Range, Chandpur, off the Coast of Odisha and the missile completely destroyed .... Read More
First Production unit of Heavy Weight Torpedo (HWT), Varunastra, being produced by BDL Vishakhapatnam for Indian Navy was flagged off on 21 November 2020 giving a major boost to AtmaNirbhar Bharat.
It has been inducted by the Indian Navy in 2016.
DRDO’s Naval Science & Technological Laboratory (NSTL) has designed and developed .... Read More
Recently, the Indian Navy has inducted two MQ-9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones procured from the U.S. on lease,under the emergency procurement in the backdrop of tensions with China in Ladakh.
The Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 has introduced an option for leasing military platforms.Similarly, at the 2+2 dialogue with the U.S., .... Read More
Recently, a second consecutive successful trial of the indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) was conducted by the DRDO, proving the performance parameters of the accuracy of missile system and capability of missile warhead.The successful tests have paved the way for induction of QRSAM Weapon Systems into .... Read More
Indian Army has tested new hybrid smart fence along Line of Control (LoC) to significantly improve its electronic surveillance and to check infiltration, and work on converting the existing border fence into a smart fence integrated with several sensors.
Army till recently was working on concept of ‘Smart Fence” having sensors .... Read More
Recently, India has successfully conducted the flight test of a Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
This SMART system comprises a mechanism by which the torpedo is launched from a supersonic missile system with modifications that would take the torpedo .... Read More
DefExpo 2020- the 11th edition of India’s biennial mega defence exhibition- was organized from 5th to 9th February in Lucknow. Conceptualised in 1998 by the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, the first DefExpowas held in 1999. Over the years, it has transformed into an internationally recognised defence exhibition.
DefExpo .... Read More
On 2nd January, five new DRDO Young Scientists Laboratories (DYSLs) were launched under the Defence Research and Development Organisation, laying the foundation for research and development in futuristic technologies and to further boost technological innovations needed for the country’s security.
DRDO Young Scientists Laboratories
The DYSLs will act as centres of research .... Read More
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is planning to test-fire the K-4- an intermediate range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). It has been developed for INS Arihant- the indigenously built nuclear submarine.
The K-4 Missile
Intermediate range, SLBM, designed and developed by DRDO.
Powered by solid rocket propellants.
Highly accurate with an estimated strike .... Read More
On 17th December, India conducted the trials of two variants of supersonic cruise missile BrahMos. The trials, meant to check the capability of the missile to hit targets with precision and accuracy, met all parameters and were successful.
The land-attack version of the missile was test-fired from a mobile autonomous launcher .... Read More
India recently conducted two successful test firings of Pinaka Missile System from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the Odisha coast with the objective of checking its low range and functioning of live warhead along with its proximity initiation and salvo launch.
The missiles were integrated with live warhead and proximity fuse .... Read More
Indian Navy recently launched its latest warship, INS Imphal, a guided missile destroyer, at the Mazagon Docks in Mumbai.
It is the third ship under Project 15B.
INS Imphal is named after the Battles of Imphal and Kohima that were fought 75 years ago during the World War -II. .... Read More
India’s underwater weaponry is set to get more firepower with the Navy deciding to induct the indigenously developed heavyweight torpedo “Varunastra” into its arsenal. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) in Hyderabad has signed a contract worth Rs 1,187 crore to manufacture the torpedoes to arm both warships and submarines.
Features of Torpedoes
The .... Read More
India on June 12th, conducted first test flight of the indigenously developed Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) from a base off the Odisha coast. The only other countries that possess this technology are the US, Russia and China.
It is an unmanned scramjet (allowing supersonic combustion) demonstration vehicle that can cruise .... Read More
India’s state-run Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has conducted tests of the “Abhyas” High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) drone from Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Odisha.
Features of Abhyas
Abhyas is a drone designed for autonomous flight with the help of an autopilot.
The configuration of Abhyas is designed on an in-line .... Read More
India’s defence lab DRDO successfully tested-fired the indigenously developed guided rocket system‘’Pinaka’’ on March 12th at Pokhran desert in Rajasthan.
Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army.
The system has a maximum range of 40 .... Read More
On March 27, 2019 India conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from the Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex.
This was a technological mission carried out by DRDO.
The satellite used in the mission was one of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit.
The test was .... Read More
INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine, completed its first deterrence patrol on November 6. This means the submarine is fully operational and, when deployed, for extended patrols, can target regional adversaries such as China with nuclear-tipped submarine-launched ballistic missiles.
About INS Arihant
INS Arihant is India’s first indigenous nuclear submarine. .... Read More
The development of the indigenously-designed heavy artillery gun, the Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), has advanced to a stage where user-assisted trials of the gun are likely to start by June and the Army has begun finalising the Preliminary Specifications Qualitative Requirements (PSQR).
The ATAGS is a 155mm, 52 calibre .... Read More
India on August 4th, successfully test-fired a Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) with 30-kilometre range from a test range off the Odisha coast. The missile successfully engaged its target during the flight test and met all the desired parameters.
Features of the Missile
Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), .... Read More
In a major boost for the Indian Army, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight-tested indigenously-developed Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) system. The test fire was conducted in the ranges of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.
Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile System
It is a low weight, fire-and-forget Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided .... Read More
Eight US-made Apache stealth attack helicopters, capable of firing missiles and rockets, were inducted into the Indian Air Force, significantly boosting the force’s combat capability at a time India faces complex security challenges including cross border terrorism.
The AH-64E Apache is one of the world’s most advanced multi-role combat helicopters .... Read More
India’s arms imports fell 33% between 2011-15 and 2016-20 according to a report released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) recently.
The report on international arms transfers attributed the drop in India’s arms imports mainly to an attempt to reduce its dependence on Russian arms and complex procurement .... Read More
On 10th March, the Indian Navy inducted its third Scorpene-class conventional diesel electric submarine, INS Karanj, into service.
The first submarine of the class, INS Kalvari, was commissioned in December 2017 and the second, INS Khanderi, in September 2019.
A fourth submarine, Vela, was launched into the water in May 2019 .... Read More
The National Cyber Security Coordinator (NCSC) has finalized the criteria for identifying trusted sources and products, and conveyed to the Telecom Companies (telcos) and other stakeholders the process to provide information.
Under the process, vendors will have to provide information to telcos, who will inform the designated authority (NCSC) about the .... Read More
Twenty gelatin sticks were recovered from a vehicle parked outside Antilla, the residence of industrialist Mukesh Ambani on February 25.
About Gelatin Sticks
Gelatin sticks are cheap explosive materials used by industries for the purpose of mining and construction related work, like building structures, roads, rails and tunnels etc.
By itself an .... Read More
The Railway Ministry announced that it would be upgrading all existing Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) coaches with the Head on Generation (HOG) technology, a move that would cause the trains to become more cost-efficient and less polluting.
Highlights of the Project
Manufacturing: The LHB coaches have been built in India at the .... Read More
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has reported a splitting dent in Earth’s magnetic field over the southern Atlantic Ocean which can be bad news for satellites.
This unusual weak spot in Earth’s magnetic is called the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA).
Genesis of SAA
The SAA is caused by the tilt of .... Read More
Recently, a team of scientists has successfully sequenced the genome of the sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus), a species of sturgeon.
In terms of evolutionary history, sturgeons are one of the oldest species on earth and are the ancestors of more than 30,000 species of bony fish that we see today (more .... Read More
In an indigenous genetic mapping effort, nearly 1,000 rural youth from the length and breadth of India will have their genomes sequenced by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
The project aims at educating a generation of students on the “usefulness” of genomics.
About the Programme
The project is an adjunct .... Read More
Scientists at the Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology (CCMB) have discovered a new enzyme which helps in breaking cell walls of bacteria.
The researchers have discovered a new enzyme “Murein EndopeptidiaseK” which would cut the bacteria cell wall.
Significance of the Research
It is crucial to know how cells grow in .... Read More
In a breakthrough, scientists have successfully completed sequencing of 429 chickpea lines from 45 countries to identify genes that are tolerant to drought and heat. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) led a team in close collaboration with the BGI-Shenzhen, China, involving 39 scientists from 21 .... Read More
Genetic studies done on the people of the archipelago by a team, led by K. Thangaraj at CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), for the first time have shown that a majority of human ancestry in Lakshadweep is largely derived from South Asia with minor influences from East and .... Read More
Scientists think they have achieved the first gene editing inside the body, altering DNA in adults to try to treat a disease, although it’s too soon to know if this will help. Preliminary results suggest that two men with a rare disorder now have a corrective gene at very low .... Read More
Scientists in China have cloned five monkeys after editing genes to induce several human diseases like Alzheimer’s that they claim will help in medical research.
Macaques are chiefly Asian monkeys typically having a sturdy build and including some short-tailed or tailless forms.
The gene-edited macaque had circadian rhythm disorders associated .... Read More
Soil samples taken in Svalbard -- a Norwegian archipelago between mainland Norway and the North Pole -- have now confirmed the spread of blaNDM-1 (called New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1) into the High Arctic.
This Antibiotic-Resistant Gene (ARG), originally found in Indian clinical settings, conditionally provides multi-drug resistance (MDR) in microorganisms.
NDM-1 was .... Read More
A year after the government put the commercial release of genetically modified (GM) mustard on hold, the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC) has approved field studies of GM mustard on honey bee and other pollinations at its recently held 136th meeting.
The trials have been approved at two locations–Punjab Agriculture University .... Read More
Bacterial populations in the river undergo huge loss in diversity but a steep increase in bacterial load when millions of people bathe at designated bathing sites during Kumbh Mela, the National Centre for Cell Science, Pune, found.
About the Study
The study was carried out in 2015 at five bathing sites in .... Read More
The Principal Bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has upheld the environmental clearance earlier granted to the India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project by the ministry of environment, forests and climate change (MoEFCC).
What was the Controversy?
The application for environmental clearance of the project was referred to EAC by the .... Read More
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, on November 22 approved continuation of the nine sub-schemes of the umbrella scheme “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)” during 2017-2020 at an estimated cost of Rs 1450 crore.
The CCEA also approved establishment of National Facility for Airborne Research (NFAR) with .... Read More
In Delhi, scientists are waiting for appropriate cloud conditions to create artificial rain through cloud-seeding.
Short-term Emergency Measure against Air Pollution
Acting on a proposal from scientists of IIT Kanpur, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) had planned artificial rain through cloud-seeding in the city to wash away air pollutants as a .... Read More
According to a paper published in Nature Communications, a team of researchers from IISER Kolkata have developed a way of predicting the intensity of activity in the next solar cycle (approximately from 2020 to 2031) using data spread over the last 100 years.
Astronomers have observed sunspots on the surface of .... Read More
Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences,inaugurated the newly constructed International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) Complex in the INCOIS campus at Hyderabad on 22nd December.
Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is an autonomous organization of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, .... Read More
In a world-first breakthrough, researchers from the RMIT University, Melbourne, developed a new technique that can efficiently convert CO2 from a gas into solid particles of carbon. This could transform our approach to carbon capture and storage.The research, published in the journal Nature Communications, offer an alternative pathway for safely .... Read More
An Australian man recently captured the elusive undulatus asperatus cloud. It’s as rare to spot as it is tough to pronounce. Undulatus asperatus wasn’t even classified as a cloud formation until 2017.
How are they formed?
Two main theories exist on what leads to their formation. They may be a distant cousin .... Read More
Just off the coast of Louisiana and Texas where the Mississippi River empties, the ocean is dying. The cyclical event known as the dead zone occurs every year, but scientists predict that this year’s event could be one of the largest in recorded history.
Reason for this Dead Zone
Annual spring rains .... Read More
The National Geographic Society announced on June 14th, the successful installation of the world’s highest operating weather stations on Mount Everest. This will provide researchers, climbers, and the public with near real-time information about mountain conditions.
The multi-disciplinary team installed the world’s two highest operating automated weather stations at Balcony area .... Read More
Scientists from the University of East Anglia have discovered a unique oil eating bacteria in the deepest part of the Earth’s oceans,the Mariana Trench.
Until now, scientists knew more about Mars than the deepest part of the ocean. But an expedition to collect samples of the microbial population at the .... Read More
On May 21, 2019, 29 of the 34-member Anthropocene Working Group (AWG), voted in favour of starting the new epoch. The result builds on an informal vote taken at the 2016 International Geological Congress in Cape Town, and lays the groundwork for a formal proposal by 2021 to the International .... Read More
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) under the Union Ministry of Mines made a presentation on the status of mineral deposits in different parts of Arunachal Pradesh during an annual meeting at Itanagar and highlightedthat 35 percent of India’s graphite deposits are found in Arunachal Pradesh.
Graphite in India
The GSI’s 2013 .... Read More
Meteorologists have blamed a phenomenon called the polar vortex for the bitter cold that has descended on much of the central and eastern United States in last week of January.
What is Polar Vortex?
There are not one but two polar vortexes in each hemisphere, North and South.
One exists in the .... Read More
In what can be seen as a significant boost to India’s supercomputing capacity, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) recently announced that 14 new supercomputers will be installed at various national-level research laboratories and academic institutions by the end of this year out of which 3 will be deployed .... Read More
The Finance Minister in her budget speech announced Government’s plan to set up five Sophisticated Analytical and Technical Help Institutes (SATHIs) every year, over the next four years.
Three such facilities are currently operational, one each at IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi and Banaras Hindu University (BHU).
Department of Science and Technology (DST), .... Read More
The Government of India recently released a concept note on the SUTRA-PIC India Programme that involves focussed research on ‘indigenous’ cows.The note solicits calls for proposals (CFP).
An inter-ministerial funding programme, the ‘Scientific Utilization through Research Augmentation- Prime Products from Indigenous Cows’ (SUTRA-PIC) will be implemented by the Science for Equity, .... Read More
Union Ministry of Science and Technology launched two free-to-air science channels -- DD Science and India Science -- on 16th January in an effort to popularise science in India.
Details about Science Channels
The free-to-air channels -- DD Science and India Science - have been conceived and supported by the DST and .... Read More
Three major science administrators in India — The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Indian Council for Medical Research and the Department of Biotechnolgy — are getting together to promote research in herbal drugs, some of which involve deriving new drugs from marijuana.
Therapeutic Potential of Marijuana
Research says marijuana .... Read More
The Health Department and the Food Safety wing in Kerala are joining hands to launch an initiative to enforce dietary guidelines, involving the reduction of trans-fatty acids (TFAs), salt and sugar in commercially available foods in the State.
Why the Initiative
The initiative, with technical support from the World Bank, WHO and .... Read More
A 30-member team of scientists and researchers from the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) in Panaji (Goa) and another 30 crew members onboard its research vessel Sindhu Sadhana will spend the next three months traversing the course of over 10,000 nautical miles in the Indian Ocean on a research project .... Read More
India on 15th February liberalized regulations on geospatial data and maps to achieve a $5 trillion economy and the vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat or self-reliant India. The government aims to make the geospatial data and modern mapping technologies available to Indian companies.
The update represents a major change in the country’s .... Read More
In the budget 2021, finance ministerproposed to launch a 'Hydrogen Energy Mission' in 2021-22 for generating hydrogen from green power sources.
Green Hydrogen Fuel
Hydrogen generated from water using renewable clean electricity (solar, wind or water) is called green hydrogen. This implies greenhouse gases like Carbon-dioxide are not a by-product at any .... Read More
Several states in India are scrambling to contain bird flu, including Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Punjab.
Samples from Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Kerala have tested positive for the A (H5N8) strain of the virus, while samples from Himachal Pradesh .... Read More
Recently experts have pointed out that rapid deployment of facial recognition system by the government without any law in place poses a huge threat to privacy rights and freedom of speech and expression.
There are currently 16 different facial recognition tracking (FRT) systems in active utilisation by various Central and State .... Read More
After more than a decade of detective work, astronomers have found the source and genesis of fast radio bursts, or FRBs. NASA has observed a mix of X-ray and radio signals, never observed before in the Milky Way. Therefore, it is the first fast radio burst (FRB) seen within the .... Read More
This year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to American scientists Harvey Alter and Charles Rice, and Michael Houghton of the UK. They have been recognised for their contributions to the discovery of a new virus that was the cause of a vast majority of chronic hepatitis .... Read More
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 was awarded jointly to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudnafor the development of a method for genome editing. They developed one of gene technology’s sharpest tools: the CRISPR/Cas9(Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) genetic scissors.
CRISPR-Cas9 is a unique technology that enables geneticists and .... Read More
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded one half of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics to Roger Penrose and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for furthering the understanding of black holes, the most “enigmatic” objects in the universe.
Roger Penrose has won it for .... Read More
The Indian Council of Medical Research has completed its second national sero-survey to gauge the prevalence of COVID-19 in country. Generally, a series of sero-surveys in the same areas is required to make any statements about how the infection is progressing.
The survey was carried out from 17 August to 22 .... Read More
A massive Sunspot group, AR2770, was observed using images of the Sun’s surface from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).
According to a report, the sunspot AR2770, is expected to grow in size. Moreover, it is turning towards our planet and this could result in strong solar flares.
According to the report, .... Read More
Covaxin is India's first vaccine candidate to have gone into human clinical trials. It is developed by Bharat Biotech and has been approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for phase I and II human clinical trials. The SARS-CoV-2 strain was isolated in National Institute of Virology (NIV), .... Read More
Government has approved the creation of a new organisation- IN-SPACe, to ensure greater private participation in India’s space activities.It is part of an important set of reforms to open the space sector and make space-based applications and services more widely accessible to everyone.
The new Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation .... Read More
An international team of scientists has detected gravitational waves emanating from the first ever merger of two binary black holes of unequal masses.
GW190412: The Merger
The event, named GW190412, involved two black holes of unequal masses coalescing.
One of the black holes was 30 times the mass of the Sun whereas the .... Read More
Recently, as a result of NASA’s ‘Name the rover’ essay contest, the rover of Mars 2020 mission got a new official name: ‘Perseverance’. The mission is part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Programme, a long-term plan chalked out for robotic exploration of the Red Planet.
Mars 2020 Mission
The mission is scheduled for .... Read More
The Government of India, in the Union Budget 2020, has announced a National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications (NM-QTA) with a total budget outlay of Rs 8000 crore for a period of five years.
National Mission on Quantum Technologies & Applications
In line with the aim of achieving excellence in the .... Read More
Researchers at Cardiff University (UK) recently made an important discovery: T-cells equipped with a new type of receptor (T-cell receptor or TCR) which recognises and kills most human cancer cells. It is significant as it holds the promise of heralding a new era of universal cancer therapy.
Also called biologic therapy, .... Read More
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) recently announced the conclusion of a six-month exercise (from April 2019) of conducting a “whole-genome sequence” of a 1,008 Indians. The project is part of a programme called “IndiGen” and is also seen as a precursor to a much larger exercise involving .... Read More
In a path-breaking discovery, a team of scientists from Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine (inStem) and Unilever recently demonstrated a way to stimulate skin cells to secrete Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs) – molecules produced by cells - which can target and kill pathogens in a variety of ways .... Read More
Why in news?
The World Health Organisation welcomed a pilot project in Malawi of administering a malaria vaccine to children below the age of 2 years. A total 3,60,000 children across three African countries — Malawi, Ghana and Kenya — will be covered every year with the vaccine.
What is the RTS, .... Read More
A group of more than 1,000 farmers gathered in a village in Akola, Maharashtra to sow seeds of an unapproved, genetically modified variety of cotton, defying government regulations. The government is now investigating what was planted.
Why are Farmers Taking this Decision?
Farmers in Akola planted a herbicide-tolerant variety of Bt cotton. .... Read More
NASA on May 22nd, unveiled the calendar for the ‘Artemis’ program that will return astronauts to the Moon for the first time in half a century, including eight scheduled launches and a mini-station in lunar orbit by 2024. Artemis 1 will be an uncrewed mission around the Moon planned for .... Read More
Why in news?
China plans to complete the construction of the artificial sun this year, achieving an ion temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius.
The HL-2M Tokamak device is designed to replicate the nuclear fusion process that occurs naturally in the sun and stars and to provide almost infinite clean energy through .... Read More
Why in news?
The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges to ensure India’ssustainable development.
The nine missions identified are:
Mission 1: Natural Language Translation
Make science accessible to all: This mission aims to remove the barrier that the requirement of high-level of .... Read More
Q.Consider the following statements about Solar Cells:Maximum theoretical efficiency of solar cells is around 98%.Perovskite layer solar cells have efficiency close to 75%.Inkjet printing procedure of perovskite solar cells have lowered the production cost.Which of the above statements is/are true?(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only(c) 1, .... Read More
True north isn’t quite where it used to be. Earth’s northern magnetic pole is moving quickly away from the Canadian Arctic toward Siberia. This movement has forced NCEI’s scientists to update the World Magnetic Model (WMM) mid-cycle. What does this mean?
Earth’s north magnetic pole has been drifting so fast in .... Read More
Scientists have discovered massive mountains in the Earth’s mantle, an advance that may change our understanding of how the planet was formed. Most school children learn that the Earth has three layers: a crust, mantle and core, which is subdivided into an inner and outer core. While that is not .... Read More
Nobel Prize in PhysicsThe Nobel Prize in Physics 2019 was awarded to James Peebles of Princeton University, who enhanced our understanding of the structure and history of the universe. The other half went to Michel Mayor of University of Geneva,and Didier Queloz of Cambridge University for their discovery of exoplanet, .... Read More
The ‘Deep Ocean Mission (DOM)’ to be led by the Union Earth Sciences Ministry will commence from October 31. A five-year, Rs. 8,000-crore plan to explore the deepest recesses of the ocean has finally got the green signal from the government.
About the Mission
Extract Polymetallic modules: One of the main aims .... Read More
Treating drug-resistant tuberculosis — multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) — got a shot in the arm on August 14 when the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new drug Pretomanid. Pretomanid is only the third new anti-TB drug approved for use by FDA in more .... Read More
Four months after India successfully tested its anti-satellite (ASAT) capabilities, experts tracking the debris created by the event have reported that 40% of it has still not decayed. India had claimed after the test that the debris would decay within 45 days after the event.
Initially, the term space debris .... Read More
India is going to be possibly the first country in the world to implement a Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) Policy on the lines of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). A draft of the new policy has been made available by the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
What is Scientific Social Responsibility .... Read More
Accelerate Vigyan Scheme is an inter-ministerial schemewhich was launched by the Union government’s Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)and aims to strengthen scientific research mechanism by providing more thrust on encouraging high-end scientific research and preparing scientific manpower. It will initiate and strengthen mechanisms of identifying research potential, mentoring, training .... Read More
On April 16th , fifty-one eminent scientists were elected as Fellows of the Royal Society along with 10 new Foreign Members and one Honorary Fellow for their exceptional contributions to science.
Among the 2019 intakes is Dr Gagandeep Kang, who is purportedly the first woman scientist from India to have received .... Read More
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)’s National Institute of Immunohaematology, Mumbai, has developed a cost-effective Point-of-Care (POC) rapid diagnostic test for severe Haemophilia A and Von Willebrand Disease (VWD), a genetic disorder caused by missing or defective Von Willebrand factor (VWF), a clotting protein.
Haemophilia A (or hemophilia A) .... Read More
Researchers at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras have experimentally shown that methane and carbon dioxide (CO2) can exist as gas hydrates at temperatures and pressures seen in interstellar atmosphere. The scientists call this ‘space fuel’.
What are Gas Hydrates?
Gas hydrate is a solid ice-like form of water that contains gas .... Read More
A high-performance magnetic tunnel junction that makes use of wavelike properties that are known and exploited in optics has been proposed by researchers from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay. They developed a quantum transport computational platform to predict the performance of such a device. If realised, the device can .... Read More
Recently the scientists at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, have developed Pusa bio-decomposer which can turn crop residue into manure in 15 to 20 days and therefore, can prevent stubble burning that every year causes a major environmental and health problem in North India.
Bio-decomposers use microorganisms for quick composting .... Read More
The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) has launched the second phase of the ambitious National Supercomputing Mission.
National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
It was launched in 2015 and is jointly funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
It aims at establishing .... Read More
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight tested the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) – an unmanned scramjet vehicle with a capability to travel at six times the speed of sound.
The test has showed that the scramjet-powered HSTDV sustained a speed of Mach 6 during the course .... Read More
Abhyas is a High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) being developed by DRDO. It is similar to a drone and is designed for autonomous flying with the help of an autopilot. It has RCS (Radar Cross Section), Visual and IR (Infrared) augmentation systems required for weapon practice.
The fuselage for the .... Read More
Feluda is an acronym for FNCAS9 Editor Linked Uniform Detection Assay. It is an accurate and low-cost paper-based test strip to detect Covid-19 in less than 30 minutes.
It has been developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Tata Groupand got approval of the Drugs Controller .... Read More
ITIHAS is a predictive, back-end tool to fine-tune Aarogya Setu data strictly for surveillance purposes.It was developed by an IIT-Madras professor, for surveillance and containment strategies, apart from manual contact tracing of Covid-19 patients.
In Gujarat, it was first used in Ahmedabad from May 23, and is now expanded to Surat, .... Read More
The third unit of the Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP-3) in Gujarat achieved its ‘first criticality’ -a term that signifies the initiation of a controlled but sustained nuclear fission reaction.
This is a landmark event in India’s domestic civilian nuclear programme given that KAPP-3 is the country’s first 700 MWe (megawatt .... Read More
In the recently released Nature Index 2020, India is placed 12th globally in science research output. The top five positions have gone to the United States of America, China, Germany, United Kingdom and Japan.The annual tables highlight the institutions and countries that dominated high-quality research in the natural sciences in .... Read More
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, an Institute of National Importance under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has developed Chitra GeneLAMP-N, a diagnostic test kit and Chitra Magna, an innovative RNA extraction kit to carry out detection of COVID-19.
The kit enables confirmatory diagnostic test, .... Read More
Scientists at the Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology-Guwahati have developed an electrochemical sensing platform for detecting carcinogenic or mutagenic compounds in food.
Changing food habits in India, particularly that of the urban population, has exposed people to harmful chemicals belonging to Nitrosamine family, particularly, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and .... Read More
WHO Global Tuberculosis Programme has included Truenat-MTB- an Indian molecular assay- as initial test for detecting TB and for identifying resistant strains of the TB bacteria.The development is a result of Indian Council of Medical Research’s (ICMR) efforts to promote indigenous technologies for diagnosis of TB.
Truenat-MTB, developed by Goa-based Molbio .... Read More
TechEx – technology exhibition at IIT Delhi, was recently organized to demonstrate products and prototypes developed under the two flagship schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) namely IMPacting Research, INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT) and UchhatarAvishkar Yojana (UAY).
Significance of this Exhibition
Provides Platform: TechEx is a unique effort, which .... Read More
Scientists at the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) have completed the whole genome sequencing of a rare bacteria capable of producing antifungal and insecticidal compounds.
Bio Control its Applications
Biological control is a component of an integrated pest management strategy. It is defined as the reduction of .... Read More
Indian scientists have developed a new material called “black gold”, which can potentially be used for applications ranging from solar energy harvesting to desalinating seawater. To develop the material, the team from Mumbai-based Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) rearranged size and gaps .... Read More
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) facility, fourth such facility in the country, which can sequence 30 human genomes a day, was inaugurated by Union Minister of Science and Technology at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), a CSIR lab in Hyderabad. It costs around Rs. 1 lakh to sequence .... Read More
In their fight against COVID-19, many countries have been utilizing the prowess of supercomputers to expedite research and information processing in order to consolidate their efforts.
Role of Supercomputers
One of the basic premises as to how supercomputers are helpful in fighting COVID-19 is the huge volume of data that is generated .... Read More
Recently, SpaceX launched 60 satellites into Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) as part of its project called Starlink Network which aims to provide low-cost and reliable space-based Internet services to the whole world.
The network will consist of a constellation of 12000 satellites in LEO.
SpaceX announced the satellite Internet constellation in January .... Read More
Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have developed a way to make lithium-ion battery that can charge within minutes but still operate at a high capacity. This advancement may improve performance of smartphones and electric vehicles.
How the Battery Works?
A lithium-ion battery charges and discharges as lithium ions move between two .... Read More
India now has a state-of-the-art “air traffic flow management - central command centre” (C-ATFM) that will help balance capacity against demand for optimum utilisation of resources like airspace and aircraft at capacity-constrained Indian airports.
What is C-ATFM?
It is primarily meant to address the balancing of capacity against the demand to achieve .... Read More
Tech giant Google on March 6th, unveiled a new app Bolo that aims to help children in primary school learn to read in Hindi and English.
The free app, which is being launched in India first, uses Google’s speech recognition and text-to-speech technology.
The app features an animated character Diya, who .... Read More
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved the National Policy on Software Products on March 1st2019, to develop India as a Software Product Nation.
Objectives of the Strategy
The Policy will lead to the formulation of several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of Software .... Read More
India ranks third in the world in terms of high quality research publications in artificial intelligence (AI) but is at a significant distance from world leader China, according to an analysis by research agency Itihaasa.
The agency computed the number of ‘citable documents’— the number of research publications in peer-reviewed .... Read More
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on January 8 released guidelines on tokenisation of debit/credit card payments.
What is Tokenisation?
Tokenisation involves a process in which a unique token, issued by the bank, masks sensitive card details.
Thereafter, in lieu of actual card details, this token is used to perform card transactions in .... Read More
The Union Cabinet approved the launching of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) to be implemented by Department of Science &Technology at a total outlay of Rs. 3660 crore for a period of five years.
The Mission addresses the ever increasing technological requirements of the society, and takes into .... Read More
With the vision to further expand the idea of ‘Artificial Intelligence, AI for All’ articulated in the National AI Strategy, NITI Aayog organises hackathons to source sustainable, innovative and technologically-enabled solutions to address various challenges in the development space.
Taking the initiative forward, NITI Aayog is now partnering with Perlin – .... Read More
Google officially announced in the journal 'Nature' that it has achieved the milestone of “quantum supremacy.”
It is a term proposed in 2012 by John Preskill, professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology.
It describes the point where quantum computers can do things that classical computers cannot. .... Read More
The popular messaging platform WhatsApp was used to spy on journalists and human rights activists in India earlier this year. The surveillance was carried out using a spyware tool called Pegasus, which has been developed by an Israeli firm, the NSO Group.
Pegasus and its Modus Operandi
Pegasus is the flagship spyware .... Read More
In a bid to accelerate innovation in Artificial Intelligence (AI) in India, scientists from Indian Institutes of Technology-Madras (IIT-Madras) launched a platform called ‘AI4Bharat’ that would help build AI solutions to address local problems in agriculture, health care and other sectors.
India Centric: AI is one of the defining technologies of .... Read More
In a move to help geriatric care, students of IIT Kharagpur have built an app which will inform the caregiver when the elderly person falls down with the exact location.
The IIT Kharagpur students built two interconnected android smartphone apps under the name ‘CARE4U’ that connects the caregiver to the .... Read More
Scientists from Technion — Israel Institute of Technology have developed a concept they have named the Ramanujan Machine, after the Indian mathematician. It is not really a machine but an algorithm, and performs a very unconventional function.
What it does?
Reverse Problem Solving: With most computer programs, humans input a problem and .... Read More
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Google signed a statement of intent to roll-out ‘Build for Digital India’, a programme that will give engineering students a platform to develop market-ready, technology-based solutions that address key social problems.
Features of the Programme
As part of the programme, engineering students across .... Read More
Union Minister for Communications, Electronics and Information Technology recently launched the maritime communication services. He also launched a web portal called Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) system for reporting stolen mobiles to help trace them.
Highlights of the Project
Nelco, India’s leading VSAT solutions provider, will now provide quality broadband services to .... Read More
The United States Army is planning to construct a Rare Earths processing facility to secure domestic supply of the minerals that are used to make military weapons and electronics. This will be US Army’s first commercial-scale financial investment into Rare Earths production.
Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth (RE) elements are a set .... Read More
Researchers from IIT Bombay have discovered special properties in a class of materials called “semi-Dirac metals”.
About Dirac Metals
Normal metals like gold and silver are good conductors of electricity. A key aspect that decides the quality of conduction is the way energy depends on the momentum of electrons. Dirac metals differ .... Read More
The government has released guidelines for evaluation of nano-based agri-input and food products in the country.
It has been prepared jointly by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and Ministry of Health and Family .... Read More
On 11th February2021, the second phase of Vigyan Jyoti programme was launched on the occasion of International Day of Women and Girls in Science.
It will spread the programme for encouraging girls to take interest in science and build a career in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) to 50 more .... Read More
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has announced the establishment of a Quantum Computing Applications Lab in partnership with Amazon Web Services (AWS).
The move will give select researchers and scientists access to Amazon’s Braket cloud-based quantum computing service.
The area of quantum computing is at a very nascent stage .... Read More
Recently, Union Minister for Science and Technology launched Digital Ocean platform of Indian National Centre for Oceanic Information Services (INCOIS).
Digital Ocean platform is a first of its kind platform for ocean data management. It includes a set of applications developed to organize and present heterogeneous oceanographic data by adopting rapid .... Read More
On 4th November 2020, government has launched two new initiatives, namely, the Data Maturity Assessment Framework to evaluate data ecosystems of cities; and an on-line training programme for City Data Officers (CDOs) of 100 Smart Cities.
Data Maturity Assessment Framework
The Data Maturity Assessment Framework (DMAF) - cycle-2 will support cities .... Read More
Indian Health and Family Welfare Minister Harsh Vardhan has been appointed Chairman of the ‘Stop TB Partnership’ Board for a three-year term commencing from July 2021.
Stop TB Partnership
The Stop TB Partnership is a unique international body with the power to align actors all over the world in the fight against .... Read More
ISRO recently launched a sounding rocket to study attitudinal variations in the neutral winds and plasma dynamics from Sriharikota spaceport.
ISRO has developed a series of sounding rockets called Rohini series, important among them being RH-200, RH-300 and RH-560, number in the name indicating the diameter of the rocket in .... Read More
According to a recent study, four strains of bacteria have been discovered at the International Space Station out of which three strains were previously unknown to science.
Scientists of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory have identified four strains of bacteria in the samples collected from ISS, all belonging to Methanobacteriaceae family .... Read More
Recently, amidst rising instances of financial frauds and unsolicited messages, the government announced to set up a nodal agency, ‘Digital Intelligence Unit’ (DIU), for speedy investigation and resolution of such financial fraud cases and to make digital transactions more secure and reliable. The main function of DIU will be to .... Read More
Recently, researchers have discovered the fossil of the world’s oldest animal in India.
Dickinsonia, one of the rarest fossils in the world, has been discovered in Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh about 40 km from Bhopal.
Dickinsonia is an extinct genus of a basal animal that lived during the late Ediacaran .... Read More
Recently, the National Informatics Centre has launched an instant messaging platform called Sandes on the lines of WhatsApp. Like WhatsApp, the new NIC platform can be used for all kinds of communications by anyone with a mobile number or email id.
During the COVID-19 lockdown,after facing some security scares, the government .... Read More
Recently, ISRO, for the very first time in its history, has opened up its facilities for private sector. Until now, ISRO had only taken help in manufacturing and fabrication of various parts of satellites and rockets from the private sector. It has permitted two satellites from Indian startups—SpaceKidz India and .... Read More
Recently, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has decided to go ahead with labelling packaged food products with over one per cent of Genetically Modified ingredients. The scientific committee of the FSSAI has prescribed labelling of GM food items for manufacture, sale and distribution in India with .... Read More
Recent preliminary surveys on surface and limited subsurface by Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), a constituent unit of Department of Atomic Energy have shown presence of Lithium resources of 1,600 tonnes (inferred category) in the pegmatites of Marlagalla – Allapatna area, of Mandya district, Karnataka.
The thermonuclear application .... Read More
Recently, the government has said that it is preparing a new “Ease of Doing Science Index” to coordinate high-impact research funding in a bid to promote scientific research on a par with global standards. It seeks to ensure effective use of both disbursed funds and the time to weed out .... Read More
According to a study, Harvard researchers have found that dinosaurs might have been killed off by a comet instead of an asteroid. A Comet is a celestial object that consists of a nucleus of ice and dust. It originated from a group of icy objects located on the edge of .... Read More
Recently, astronomers, using Hubble Telescope, have discovered a concentration of smaller black holes, instead of one massive black hole, lurking at the heart of the globular cluster NGC 6397. Globular clusters are extremely dense stellar systems, which host stars that are closely packed together. These systems are also typically very .... Read More
To expedite exploration activities in the country, Geological Survey of India (GSI), has embarked upon an ambitious scheme to complete some major National level surveys by 2024: These include:
National Geochemical Mapping (NGCM): It is an all India programme to cover the entire surface area of the country by geochemical sampling. .... Read More
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has capped the amount of trans fatty acids (TFA) in oils and fats to 3% for 2021 and 2% by 2022 from the current permissible limit of 5% through an amendment to the Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restriction on .... Read More
MeitY has sought the responses from Facebook owned instant messaging service Whatsapp regarding the data sharing practices that it .... Read More
Four international health and humanitarian organisations have come together to establish a global Ebola vaccine stockpile to ensure a quick repose to an outbreak.
The injectable single-dose Ebola vaccine is manufactured by Merck, Sharp & Dohme (MSD) Corp.
The effort to create an emergency reserve of about 500,000 doses was led .... Read More
Google has threatened to close its search engine in Australia —in response to the draft legislation in Australia that is intended to force Google to pay news publishers for reuse of their content.
The draft legislation for Australia’s digital news Code which is currently before the parliament includes a controversial requirement .... Read More
While virtually addressing participants at the ‘National Defence Course Bangladesh on post COVID-19 security challenges, Vice Chief of the Army Staff has said that “future wars may gravitate towards zero cost wars, wherein a very virulent pathogen may immobilise high-technology arsenal.”
He also said that “weaker militaries will continue to seek .... Read More
The Union Cabinet has approved the export of Akash Missile System and a Committee for faster Approvals has been created. The Akash missile system (surface-to-air missile with a range of 25 kilometres) is an important defence asset for the country with over 96 per cent indigenization. Developed by DRDO, it .... Read More
China successfully powered up its HL-2M Tokamak nuclear fusion reactor, marking a great advance in the country's nuclear power research capabilities. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China's largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device, and scientists hope that the device can potentially unlock a powerful clean energy source. .... Read More
Himgiri, which is the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata has been launched at Hoogly River. Project 17A: The Project 17A is being built simultaneously at two locations, at GRSE in Kolkata and Mazagaon Docks Limited in .... Read More
Global cybersecurity company Kaspersky recently revealed in a virtual conference that 2020's cybersecurity "disease" is targeted ransomware. It is also dubbed as " Ransomware 2.0." This type of attack goes beyond kidnapping a company's or an organization's data. These groups are now utilizing the increasingly valued digital reputation to force .... Read More
Recently, there was a misinformation campaign that China had used microwave weapons in eastern Ladakh, where Indian and Chinese soldiers are locked in a border standoff for the last six months. But Indian Army has dismissed these reports and termed them fake and baseless. Microwave weapons are electromagnetic weapons .... Read More
CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) has got the permission of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to commercially use the ‘game changing technology’ of dry swab RNA-extraction free testing method for the COVID-19 virus. It will help public health authorities to scale up the testing at .... Read More
Recently WHO has listed the nOPV2 vaccine (manufactured by Bio Farma, Indonesia) for emergency use to address the rising cases of a vaccine-derived polio strain in a number of African and East Mediterranean countries. Countries in WHO’s Western Pacific and South-East Asia regions are also affected by these outbreaks.
It is .... Read More
Satellite to Detect Cannabis Cultivation The Odisha Space Application Centre (OSAC) has proposed to help law enforcement agencies detect the illicit cannabis cultivation in remote areas of the state, using remote sensing and artificial intelligence technologies. High resolution satellite imagery will be used for detecting .... Read More
Recently, DRDO has planned for the development of an extended range version of BrahMos missile. The successful testing of the 400-km range of BrahMos was conducted in September 2020.
A hypersonic version of the missile which flies at over five times the speed of sound is under progress and the target .... Read More
India has joined a UK-led campaign against end-to-end encryption of messages by social media giants such as Facebook, which they say hinder law enforcement by blocking all access to them.
The UK and India are also backed by the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Japan in a joint international .... Read More
Delhi government has launched the second edition of its “10 Hafte-10 Baje-10 Minute” (10 weeks, 10 o’ clock, 10 minutes) campaign against dengue and other vector-borne diseases such as malaria and chikungunya. People have been urged to inspect their homes for any possible sources of stagnant clean water that can .... Read More
On the occasion of 75th Anniversary of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 16th October 2020, the government has released 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of 8 crops under NARI programme. It will usher in three-fold increase in nutritional value.
The rice variety CR Dhan 315 has high zinc content. The .... Read More
Scientists of New York University have developed a method using holographic imaging to detect both viruses and antibodies. The proposed test could be done in under 30 minutes, and is highly accurate. It can be performed by minimally trained personnel.
The method uses laser beams to record holograms of their test .... Read More
The DRDO has conducted the final user trial of the 3rd generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), Nag, at the Pokhran firing range. During the trial Nag Missile was launched from NAG Missile Carrier- NAMICA and with the success of final user trial, Nag will enter into production phase. The Nag .... Read More
A recent research has shown that China is able to contain Covid-19 due to its ability to manage the serial interval and now it has gone over a month without any locally transmitted Covid-19 cases.
The serial interval is the duration between symptom onset of a primary case and symptom onset .... Read More
The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is constantly mutating, but one mutation in particular has been found more transmissible than most others and it has been named D614G.
It was first noticed in China and Germany, but gained attention when it cropped up in several cases across Europe, and eventually in the US, Canada, .... Read More
Real Mango is an illegal software which was used for cornering confirmed train reservation during the coronavirus pandemic. The Railway Protection Force has disrupted the network and it has made 50 arrests in an investigation spanning across the states of West Bengal, Assam, Bihar and Gujarat.
The first red flag was .... Read More
In a recent research scientist have produced graphene mask with an anti-bacterial efficiency of 80 percent.They said that it can be raised to almost 100 per cent with exposure to sunlight. The initial tests have shown promising results in the deactivation of two coronavirus species. Graphene is an allotrope of .... Read More
NASA was assigned the role to identify near-Earth asteroids (NEA). On 16th August 2020, it identified a tiny asteroid that passed 2,950 km above the southern Indian Ocean.
The asteroid was nearly the size of an SUV car as it was roughly 10 to 20 feet across and according to NASA, .... Read More
The Railways has procured Ninja unmanned aerial vehicles for monitoring its assets and ensure safety for passengers.
With real-time tracking, video streaming & automatic fail-safe mode, the drones will enhance monitoring of the railway assets and ensure additional safety for passengers.
According to the Railway Ministry, the drone deployment’s purpose is .... Read More
On 11th August 2020, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog, in collaboration with Dell Technologies has launched Student Entrepreneurship Programme 2.0 (SEP 2.0) for young innovators of Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs).
It will build on the success of SEP 1.0 and would mentor eight teams to foray into the world of .... Read More
The recently discovered comet called C/2020 F3, also known as NEOWISE after the NASA telescope that discovered it, will make its closest approach to the Earth on July 22,2020.
Comets or “dirty snowballs” are mostly made of dust, rocks and ice, the remnants from the time the solar system was formed .... Read More
It is a web and mobile-based solution which will help in monitoring and preventing unauthorised encroachment on government land in Bhubaneshwar.
It has been launched by the Odisha government to put a check on the increasing number of land grabbing incidents in the city.
The mobile application will alert the enforcement authorities .... Read More
A plasma bank to treat novel coronavirus has started functioning in New Delhi, and recovered Covid-19 patients can donate their plasma 14 days after recovery.
The government has set up the plasma bank at the state-run Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS). Later, it was announced that another plasma bank .... Read More
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), has sought approval from the Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) of the armed forces to approve winter diesel that is said to be usable at temperatures as low as -30° Celsius.
Winter diesel is a specialised fuel that was introduced by IOCL for high .... Read More
India has pledged $15 million to the Gaviat the Global Vaccine Summit hosted by UK. Gavi is an international organisation - a global Vaccine Alliance, bringing together public and private sectors with the shared goal of creating equal access to new and underused vaccines for children living in the world's .... Read More
The government has launched a one-stop digital platform to promote innovation and boost all artificial intelligence-related developments in India. It will enable sharing of resources such as articles, start-ups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India. It will also share documents, case .... Read More
HeiQ Viroblock is one of the most advanced global antiviral products created by HeiQ, a Swiss textile innovator. It is a special combination of advanced silver and vesicle technology that has been proven effective against the human coronavirus 229E & SARS-CoV-2, causing Covid-19, with 99.99% reduction of virus in 30 .... Read More
Railway Protection Force, Pune, under the Central Railways, has launched a Robotic ‘CAPTAIN ARJUN’ to intensify screening and surveillance of passengers. The robot will screen passengers while they board trains and keep a watch on anti-social elements. It is equipped with a motion sensor, one pan–tilt–zoom camera and one Dome .... Read More
Swarms of desert locusts have chomped through vegetation and crops across farm lands in Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The Locust Warning Organisation (LWO) sprayed Malathion 96 and Chlorpyrifos, both organophosphate pesticides, to control the locust swarms across states. These are pesticideswhich are widely used .... Read More
Dexamethasone:It is an anti-inflammatory steroidal drug, commonly used to treat conditions in which the body’s immune system does not function properly and causes inflammation and tissue damage. Doctors were using steroids in the intensive care units but now have been validated by the UK recovery trial, which has shown that .... Read More
NASA scientists on Earth have collaborated with astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) to corral the first ever Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) outside of Earth’s gravity.
They have made a rubidium BEC aboard the International Space Station (ISS) and the BEC lasted hundreds of times longer than the same substance on .... Read More
India has joined international and multi-stakeholder initiative Global Partnership for Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) on artificial intelligence as its founder member. This multi-stakeholder international partnership will promote responsible and human centric development and use of AI. It is supported by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris. It is a .... Read More
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous R&D Centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India and University of Hyderabad (UoH) together with the help of Mekins Industries Ltd. (MIL), have developed a UVC based disinfection trolley to fight against COVID-19 .... Read More
Due to Coronavirus pandemic, the government has recently issued an advisory (formulated by the Indian Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioner Engineers) related to setting the ideal range for temperature of air conditioners and maintaining relative humidity.Room Temperature: Set room temperature between 24 degrees Celsius and 30 degrees Celsius. .... Read More
Due to COVID-19 pandemic various state governments are using geofencing technology to keep an eye on people in Quarantine or assisting migrant workers with cash transfers.The Bihar government has made use of the geofencing technology to enable downloading of the weblink for registration by workers only outside the state.The Centre .... Read More
Elon Musk's company SpaceX and NASA are working toward a May 27 launch date for Demo-2, which will send astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken to and from the International Space Station (ISS) aboard a Crew Dragon capsule.SpaceX is flying Demo-2 under a contract the company signed with NASA's Commercial .... Read More
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), have discovered hundreds of Li-rich giant stars indicating that Li is being produced in the stars and accounts for its abundance in the interstellar medium. They have also associated such Li enhancement with central He-burning stars, also known as red clump giants.Lithium .... Read More
A team of scientists from the Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali (Punjab), an autonomous institute under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), has developed computer-based designs of nanomaterials with super-high piezoelectricity (generation of electricity in certain materials upon application of pressure) which can pave the way .... Read More
Chandigarh based Council of Scientific & Industrial Research-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIR-CSIO) has designed and developed an innovative technology that promises effective disinfection and sanitization as a preventive measure against the COVID-19 pandemic.Based on the electrostatic principle, the Electrostatic Disinfection Machine produces uniform and fine spray of charged droplets of .... Read More
A Mobile Virology Research and Diagnostics Laboratory (MVRDL) has been developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in collaboration with some other institutions.The first of such Mobile Viral Research Lab (MVRL) that will speed up COVID-19 screening and related R&D activities was developed by Research Centre Imarat (RCI), the .... Read More
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have shed new light on the structure of bacterial cell wall in a study which has important implications for combating antimicrobial resistance.Scientists produced the first high-resolution images which revealed, in great detail, a new and unexpected structure of the outer bacterial layers of the .... Read More
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has notified the establishment of 16 bio-repositories/ bio-banks for collecting, storing and maintaining clinical samples of COVID-19 patients. Specimens collected from COVID-19 positive subjects can serve as a valuable resource for the R&D efforts directed at mitigation of the pandemic through development of .... Read More
The Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, has initiated a COVID -19 Indian National Supermodel with a view to monitor the future transmission of infection. The supermodel will guide decisions involving health system readiness and other mitigation measures.The Indian National Supermodel will be a robust mathematical forecasting .... Read More
Technology Development Board (TDB)- a statutory body of the Department of Science & Technology (DST)- celebrated National Technology Dayon 11th May. Since 1999, the day is being celebrated as National Technology Day. It is celebrated to commemorate various innovations and technological excellence achieved by the country.11th May, 1998 happens to .... Read More
The Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad, has established stable cultures of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) from patients’ samples. The novel coronavirus enters the human body by binding with the ACE-2 (angiotensin converting enzyme 2) receptor on the cell surface of human epithelial cells in the respiratory tract, .... Read More
Scientists from Agharkar Research Institute in Pune- an institute under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India- have developed MACS 4028, a biofortified durum wheat variety that has high protein content. With superior and stable yielding capacity, MACS 4028 is resistant to stem rust, leaf rust, foliar .... Read More
Recently, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved the procurement of 83 Light Combat Aircrafts (LCA) Tejas Mk1A, after a long drawn process of finalising the contract and other details. Tejas is indigenously-designed by Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) - an autonomous body under the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and .... Read More
The International Conference on Nano Science and Nano Technology (ICONSAT) 2020 was organized from 5th to 7th March in Kolkata. ICONSAT is the biennial international conference held in India under the Nano Mission of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India. It provides a global platform for .... Read More
Geologists in Australia have discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most animals seen today, including humans. The small, wormlike creature, named Ikaria wariootia, is the earliest bilaterian (organism with a front and back, two symmetrical sides, and openings at either end connected by a gut). .... Read More
A team of researchers in China recently took a significant step towards the creation of a comprehensive human single-cell atlas, one that would describe which genes are expressed in various cells in all parts of the body. The different cell types were isolated from respective tissue samples. Each cell was .... Read More
An international team of researchers has found a multicellular animal with no mitochondrial DNA, making it the only known animal to exist without the need to breathe oxygen.
The study discovered Henneguya salminicola, a microscopic, parasitic member of the group Myxozoa that infects salmons. The researchers sequenced the DNA of .... Read More
With a vision to empower the youngest minds of the country with the knowledge of latest technologies, NITI Aayog and Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), in collaboration with the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), launched an Artificial Intelligence based Module for students in Indian schools.The AI-Base Module will .... Read More
On 15th February, researchers at the NASA-funded Catalina Sky Survey in Arizona discovered a new mini moon of the Earth- 2020 CD3.
It is about the size of a car, roughly 1.9-3.5 metres in diameter, and is likely to be a C-type asteroid.
It is the second asteroid known to orbit .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has signed a pact with Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) for collaboration in establishing optical telescope facilities under Project ‘NETRA’ for tracking space objects.
The memorandum of understanding (MoU) between ISRO and IIA will pave the way for cooperation in space situational awareness and astrophysics.
The optical .... Read More
Every year, 28th February is celebrated as National Science Day in India in commemoration of the discovery of‘Raman Effect’by the celebrated Indian Physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
The Government of India, accepting the recommendation of National Council for Science .... Read More
Researchers have discovered the oldest material ever found on Earth: tiny dust grains (stardust) trapped inside the fragments of a meteorite that crashed into Murchison in Victoria State (southeastern Australia) in a fireball in 1969.The stardust predates the formation of our solar system by billions of years and thus the .... Read More
The recent outbreak of coronavirus started in China and has spread to many other countries. With thousands getting infected and hundreds dying of the infection, the situation remains critical.The WHO declared it as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). It has also led to huge economic loss.Coronaviruses (CoV) .... Read More
NASA recently showcased an early version of its first all-electric experimental aircraft, the X-57 “Maxwell.”
The X-57, under development since 2015, has been adapted from an Italian-made Tecnam P2006T twin-engine propeller plane but with the traditional combustion engines replaced with electric cruise motors.
There are 14 electric motors powered by specially designed .... Read More
An international team has found sugars essential to life in meteorites. The new discovery adds to the growing list of biologically important compounds that have been found in meteorites, supporting the hypothesis that chemical reactions in asteroids – the parent bodies of many meteorites – can make some of life’s .... Read More
In the face of a long-standing shortage of a crucial vaccine against the deadly rabies virus, vaccine maker Bharat Biotech recently ‘relaunched’ an anti-rabies vaccine (ARV). The vaccine will be sold under the brand name ‘ChiroRab’.
According to the Health Ministry’s data, India is the hotbed of human rabies.
India accounts .... Read More
Recently, Kerala Cabinet has approved Rs 1,548-crore fiber-optic network project. To be completed by December 2020, the project seeks to fulfil the government’s aim of making internet access a ‘citizen’s right’.
Kerela Fibre Optic Network Project
It aims to provide free high-speed internet to over 20 lakh below poverty line households in .... Read More
The cyber security wing of Ministry of Home Affairs recently sent alert to all States warning them about the vulnerability in Android operating system that allows malware applications to pose as original, legitimate apps and access user data.
A Norwegian In-App protection firm, Promon, found proof of this Android vulnerability, which .... Read More
The Royal Society recently published a special issue of the ‘Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society–A’, documenting the proceedings of a conference held at The Royal Society, London, in October 2018 in celebration of the centenary of Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan’s election as Fellow of the Royal Society.
Ramanujan’s Seminal Contributions
Way .... Read More
In a significant breakthrough, scientists at the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering integrated and electrically controlled quantum states in commonly used electronic devices made from silicon carbide.
The scientists created what they called a “quantum FM radio”, capable of sending quantum information across long distances with high levels .... Read More
Major Anoop Mishra of the Indian Army has won the Army Design Bureau Excellence Award for designing and developing a new bullet-proof jacket.The jacket, named ‘Sarvatra’, has been indigenously developed at the College of Military Engineering, Pune.It is a Level IV hard body armour suit with panel inserts.It can withstand .... Read More
South Korea launched the world’s first fully-fledged 5G mobile network on April 5th.
The superfast communications heralded by fifth-generation wireless technology will ultimately underpin everything from toasters to telephones; from electric cars to power grids.
Hyper-wired South Korea has long had a reputation for technical prowess, and Seoul has made .... Read More
The first privately funded mission to the Moon has crashed on the lunar surface after the apparent failure of its main engine. The Israeli spacecraft - called Beresheet - attempted a soft touchdown, but suffered technical problems on its descent to the lunar surface.
A successful soft landing of the .... Read More
A Japanese probe on April 5th, launched an explosive device at an asteroid, aiming to blast a crater in the surface and scoop up material that could shed light on how the solar system evolved. The explosive mission is the riskiest yet attempted by the Japanese space agency’s Hayabusa2 probe .... Read More
NASA has awarded three teams from India as part of the US space agency’s annual Human Exploration Rover Challenge which invites high school and college students to build and test roving vehicles for future missions to the Moon, Mars and beyond.
The team from KIET Group of Institutions in Ghaziabad, .... Read More
In a hidden cave in the heart of the Philippine jungle, archaeologists have discovered a new human relative. According to a study published on April 10 in the journal Nature, at the northern tip of the Philippines lies the tiny island of Luzon, and some 50,000 years ago, an ancient .... Read More
The world’s largest aircraft completed its first flight test on 13th April, achieving a maximum speed of 189 miles per hour (302.4 km per hour). The plane developed by aerospace venture Stratolaunch (set up by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen in 2011) flew for 2.5 hours over the Mojave .... Read More
Scientists have found a new state of physical matter, which allows atoms to exist as both solid and liquid at the same time.
Atoms in physical material have been typically thought to be in one of three states: solid, liquid, or gaseous state. However, researchers have discovered some elements that .... Read More
In a major medical breakthrough, researchers have ‘printed’ the world’s first 3D vascularised engineered heart using a patient’s own cells and biological materials.
Until now, scientists in regenerative medicine, a field positioned at the crossroads of biology and technology, have been successful in printing only simple tissues without blood vessels.
This .... Read More
NASA‘s robotic probe InSight has detected and measured what scientists believe to be a “marsquake”.This marks the first time a likely seismological tremor has been recorded on another planet.
The breakthrough came nearly five months after InSight, the first spacecraft designed specifically to study the deep interior of a distant .... Read More
Global internet body Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Indian IT industry body National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) collaborated to develop identifier technology to manage devices and infrastructure using internet.
Under the collaboration, both partners will initially focus on testing the use of the .... Read More
The full moon in June or the last full moon of Spring season is referred to as the Strawberry moon.
Why is it called Strawberry Moon?
According to NASA, the name comes from the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries in northeastern North America.
The phenomenon is called ‘Strawberry moon’ because the Old .... Read More
A study has found that the Moon is shrinking as its interior cools — getting over 50 metres skinnier through the last several hundred million years — and causing quakes on the lunar surface. The researchers explained that just as a grape wrinkles as it shrinks down to a raisin, .... Read More
NASA is planning to launch a spacecraft aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket that will hit a small moonlet in the binary asteroid system Didymos in September 2022.
The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), NASA’s first mission to demonstrate a planetary defence technique, is scheduled to be launched in mid-2021.
Binary asteroid .... Read More
Researchers at Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Jamia Milia Islamia have developed an ultra-sensitive quantum thermometer from Graphene Quantum Dots (GQDs) array. The thermometer has quick response time and can measure very minute changes in temperature.
The thermometer, developed by a team of researchers led by the Director of the .... Read More
Researchers studying how pain works have discovered an antidote to the deadly sting delivered by the most venomous creature on Earth - the Australian box jellyfish.
The Australian box jellyfish has about 60 tentacles that can grow up to three metres long. Each tentacle has millions of microscopic hooks filled .... Read More
According to Nasa, an asteroid named 99942 Apophis will fly towards the Earth in ten years.
The colossal asteroid, which is named after the Egyptian god of chaos and destruction, is expected to approach the Earth dangerously close on April 13, 2029.
Apophis was discovered in 2004 by US astronomers. Since .... Read More
For the first time, the entire genome of Asiatic lion, an endangered species, has been sequenced by scientists from CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.
The first hand information would help us to better understand the evolution of Asiatic lions and also make possible comparative analysis with other big .... Read More
According to the researchers from the University of Hawaii in the US, the exoplanet known as Kepler-1658 b is a massive hot Jupiter that whips around its star every 3.85 days.
Ten years after it was launched, the first exoplanet candidate spotted by NASA’s Kepler space telescope has finally been confirmed .... Read More
China’s Long March-3B rocket, regarded as the main stay of the country’s space programme since 1970, successfully completed its 300th launch by putting a new communication satellite into orbit on March 10th.
The Long March carrier rocket series, developed by CASC, is responsible for about 96.4 per cent of all .... Read More
President Ram Nath Kovind on 5th March 19, inaugurated the Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
He also presented the 10th Biennial National Grassroots Innovation Awards in Gandhinagar.
About Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (FINE)
FINE, is an initiative to recognise, respect, showcase, and reward innovations and to foster a supportive ecosystem for innovators.
It .... Read More
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) has selected G. Satheesh Reddy, the Secretary of India’s Department of Defence R&D and Chairman of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as the co-winner of the 2019 Missile Systems Award.
Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy, Chairman of the DRDO, Ministry of .... Read More
Women took another step forward in the still male-dominated world of science on 20th March, as American Karen Uhlenbeck won the Abel Prize in mathematics for her work on partial differential equations.
Karen Uhlenbeck received the Abel Prize 2019 for her fundamental work in geometric analysis and gauge theory, which .... Read More
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has discovered a pulsar speeding through space.
Dubbed PSR J0002+6216, the pulsar pulsar, discovered by the NASA, is hurtling through space at nearly four million kilometres an hour.
Pulsar is a celestial object that emits regular pulses of radio waves and other electromagnetic radiation at .... Read More
The majestic table of elements that hangs on the walls of chemistry classrooms across the world has turned 150 years old in 2019.
The ‘Periodic Table of Elements’, or simply, ‘The Table’ for many, was written by Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev on 17th February 1869.
Looking back, the Table opens a window .... Read More
What if one day all buildings could be equipped with windows and facades that satisfy the structure’s every energy need, whether rain or shine?That sustainability dream is today one step closer to becoming a reality thanks to Polish physicist and businesswoman Olga Malinkiewicz.
The 36-year-old has developed a novel inkjet .... Read More
A Japanese space probe named after a falcon, Hayabusa 2, has touched down on an asteroid more than 300 million km (186 million miles) from Earth on a mission to seek clues about the origins of life, Japan’s space agency said on Friday.
On 22nd February, Hayabusa 2 fired a .... Read More
SpaceX’s new Dragon capsule successfully docked on the International Space Station on 3rd March, NASA and SpaceX confirmed during a live broadcast of the mission.
The docking began at 1051 GMT, more than 248 miles (400 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface, north of New Zealand -- and 27 hours after .... Read More
NASA’s first asteroid-sampling mission OSIRIS-REx, which went into orbit around asteroid Bennu on New Year’s Eve, has captured incredible photographs of the smallest ever celestial body to be orbited by a spacecraft.
Launched from Florida in 2016, OSIRIS-REx spacecraft reached Bennu, an asteroid the size of the pyramid at Giza, .... Read More
India on January 18 tested a new indigenous air-launched missile called NGARM, which is designed to destroy a variety of surveillance and radar targets on the ground after being fired from a Sukhoi-30MKI fighter.
This new-generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM), with a strike range of around 100-km, is the first indigenous air-to-ground .... Read More
NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered a third small planet outside our solar system.
Remember This: The new planet named HD 21749b, orbits a bright, nearby dwarf star about 53 light years away in the constellation Reticulum.
It appears to have the longest orbital period of the three planets .... Read More
The periodic table of chemical elements is having its 150th birthday, and the UN scientific agency is holding a year of events to celebrate.Key FactsRussian scientist Dmitry Mendeleev published the first such table in 1869.The UN Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization kicked off the “International Year of the Period Table .... Read More
The UN-backed project, called Seabed 2030, is urging countries and companies to pool data to create a map of the entire ocean floor by 2030. The map will be freely available to all. The project, launched in 2017, is expected to cost about $3 billion. It is a collaboration between .... Read More
Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh will have the first e-waste clinic of the country. The facility would ensure scientific handling and disposal of electronic waste generate from households and commercial establishments.
An MoU to this effect was signed between the Bhopal municipal corporation and Central Pollution Control Board on 28th September.
The .... Read More
The International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center confirmed 20 new moons orbiting Saturn, making it the planet with the most moons in our Solar System, at 82.
The 20 new moons had been discovered by Scott S Sheppard of the Carnegie Institution for Science. Until their confirmation, the planet with .... Read More
The Orionids meteor showers made their yearly appearance and reached their peak on October 22. These meteor showers are known for their brightness and speed, travelling at about 66 km/s into the earth’s atmosphere.
According to NASA, over 30 meteor showers occur annually and are observable from the earth.
They are .... Read More
On the 150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog’s Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) and UNICEF India, including Generation Unlimited, have launched ‘The Gandhian Challenge’. This innovation challenge provides a platform for every child across India to ideate innovative solutions for a sustainable India of their .... Read More
To mark the occasion of World Food Day, Dr Harsh Vardhan launched the ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’ scheme, along with the ‘Eat Right Jacket’, and ‘Eat Right Jhola’ to strengthen food safety administration and scale up the ‘Eat Right India’ movement.
Food Safety Mitra
The ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’ scheme will support .... Read More
Scientists have accidentally discovered what they describe as “the footprints a monstrous galaxy” in the early universe. No evidence of any such galaxy had ever been found before. Hence, the scientists have equated these to the mythical Yeti-Like a cosmic Yeti.
Recent studies found that some of the biggest galaxies .... Read More
An alloy that undergoes a reversible temperature change of 31.5 Kelvin(K) when squeezed has been created by physicists in China, Spain and the US. Materials that exhibit such a “colossal elastocaloric effect” could be used to create new types of highly-efficient refrigeration systems.
Elastocaloric effect involves squeezing solid crystalline (or .... Read More
India’s hyperloop dream moved one step closer to reality with the Maharashtra government approving the Virgin Hyperloop-DP World (VHO-DPW) consortium as the “original project proponent” of the proposed hyperloop track between Mumbai and Pune.
The hyperloop train (pod, to be specific) would reduce the travel time between Mumbai and Pune .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) on August 3rd, laid the foundation stone for the Space Situational Awareness Control Centre in Bengaluru.
The control centre would host a range of activities related to the protection of Indian space assets from inactive satellites, pieces of orbiting objects, near earth asteroids and .... Read More
NASA’s Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has obtained unprecedented high-time resolution multipoint particle and field measurements of an interplanetary shock event.
Interplanetary shocks are a type of collisionless shock — events where particles transfer energy through electromagnetic fields instead of directly bouncing into one another. These shocks are a phenomenon found .... Read More
On July 15, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) launched India’s first large-scale trial for two new tuberculosis (TB) vaccines. The new vaccines that are being put through the trials offer a chance to contain the accelerating spread of multi-drug resistant TB.
There are two vaccines being tested in .... Read More
Scientists have characterised the first potentially habitable world outside our own solar system located about 31 light-years away.
The super-Earth planet named GJ 357 d was discovered in early 2019 owing to NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), a mission designed to comb the heavens for exoplanets.
The exoplanet is more .... Read More
The Maharashtra Government cleared an Intelligent Traffic Management System (ITMS) for Mumbai. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway will be the first stretch of road in Maharashtra to get an Intelligent Traffic Management System (ITMS).
Intelligent Traffic Management System
The system will comprise of a series of radar-based sensors and cameras to capture speed and .... Read More
India will launch its first human genome mapping project by October, a move that will help researchers get closer to developing effective therapies for treating diseases such as cancer.
In the first phase of the initiative called the Genome India project, the genomic data of 10,000 Indians will be catalogued. .... Read More
Three new planets, which orbit a star situated 73 light years away from the Earth, have been discovered using NASA’s newest planet-hunting satellite.
Of the three new exoplanets, one is rocky and slightly larger than Earth, while the two others are gaseous and roughly twice the size of our planet.
The .... Read More
Researchers from the CU Boulder have designed what they say could be the first step towards artificial gravity devices installed in spacecraft for the benefit of human travelers during deep space missions. The gadget — a large, table-sized spinning machine — may well be a glimpse into the future.
The .... Read More
Startup companies, government agencies and academics are racing to combat so-called deepfakes, amid fears that doctored videos and photographs will be used to sow discord ahead of next year’s U.S. presidential election. The debate around “deepfakes” has been rekindled recently with the popularity of applications such as FaceApp (for photo-editing) .... Read More
‘Ploonet’ is the new word the scientific community has come up with to describe a moon that becomes a planet.
A moon can become a planet if it leaves the orbit of its parent planet and takes up residence in a stable orbit around its star.
At this point, this orbiting .... Read More
On June 23rd, Elon Musk’s SpaceX launched its Falcon Heavy spacecraft on its third mission, and the most complex one yet by the company. Among the various reasons which make the mission important, one is its huge payload — 24 satellites from .... Read More
India has signed a deal to acquire ‘Strum Ataka’ anti-tank missile from Russia for its fleet of Mi-35 attack choppers.
Features of the Deal
The deal for the missiles is worth around Rs. 200 crore and would give an added capability to the Mi-35 attack choppers to take out enemy tanks and .... Read More
Leh’s first Mobile Science Exhibition (MSE) van was flagged off by Union Tourism and Culture Minister from the iconic Leh Palace.
The vehicle will hold lectures and sky observation sessions for school students, among other programmes.
The vehicle will travel across the Ladakh region to promote science and technology among the .... Read More
Union Minister for Human Resource Development(HRD) has launched the Plagiarism Detention Software (PDS) “Shodh Shuddhi”.
Shodh Shuddhi will significantly help to improve the quality of research outcomes by ensuring the originality of ideas and publication of the research scholars.
This service is being implemented by INFLIBNET, an Inter University Centre (IUC) .... Read More
Scientists have found signatures of water vapour in the atmosphere of K2-18b. That makes it the only planet orbiting a star outside the Solar System that is known to have both water and temperatures that could support life.
K2-18b’s size and surface gravity are much larger than Earth’s. Its radiation .... Read More
A draft research paper recently claimed that Google researchers have achieved a long-sought-after goal in physics called “quantum supremacy”. The paper had appeared on the NASA website and was then pulled down.
Quantum supremacy refers to a quantum computer solving a problem that cannot be expected of a classical computer .... Read More
Vice President of India inaugurated India’s longest electrified rail tunnel in Andhra Pradesh. Situated between Cherlopalli and Rapuru stations of Andhra Pradesh, the 6.6-km long tunnel is a part of the Obulavaripalli-Venkatachalam railway line.
The country’s first electrified tunnel is built in the shape of a ‘horse shoe’ using the .... Read More
India’s oldest scientific department, the Survey of India (SoI) — historically tasked with mapping the country — will for the first time rely on drones to map the country.
Other than unprecedented detail, a consequence of the mapping will be creating high resolution maps of land in villages facilitating the .... Read More
Union Minister of Science & Technology launched an Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER) equipped with modern facilities for conducting a wide spectrum of energy research through knowledge network.
Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER)
ICER is a first of its kind in India which is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities. This new .... Read More
ISRO has collaborated with DRDO for development of human centric systems for the Human Space Mission to demonstrate its human space flight capabilities.
Some of the critical technologies to be provided by DRDO to ISRO include space food, space crew health monitoring and emergency survival kit, radiation measurement and protection, .... Read More
The Telangana government has decided to declare 2020 as Artificial Intelligence year by organising various activities related to the emerging technology.
A lot of hackathons and meetings will happen and the government agencies will give challenges and make available data sets on which companies can run algorithms.
The state government has .... Read More
Echo and Bifrost Cables
Facebook and Google are planning to build new cables under the sea called 'Echo' and 'Bifrost' to connect the US to Singapore and Indonesia. While Google is only investing in Echo, Facebook is investing in both cables.These cables will increase overall transpacific capacity by 70 per cent .... Read More
Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000 Under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000, the government can order a digital intermediary to block any content on grounds including security of the state and public order. The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of .... Read More
Project Loon Google’s parent company Alphabet is winding down project Loon that used high flying balloons to provide internet access in hard-to-reach regions of the world, where traditional ground-based infrastructure was too expensive or too difficult to install. Project Loon started in 2011 and .... Read More
The CSIR-NPL(National Physical Laboratory), which is India’s official reference keeper of units of measurements, on May 20th , released a set of recommendations requiring that school textbooks, engineering-education books, and course curriculum update the definition of the kilogram.
The kilogram derived its provenance from the weight of a block of .... Read More
A new, curious mineral has been discovered inside a diamond unearthed from a mine in South Africa. The mineral has been named goldschmidtite, after Victor Moritz Goldschmidt, the Norwegian scientist acknowledged as the founder of modern geochemistry.
Goldschmidtite has an unusual chemical signature for a mineral from Earth’s mantle. While the .... Read More
Biologists and biomedical engineers are proposing to define the term “yank” for changes in force over time, something that our muscles and nerves can feel and respond to.
Need for Change
Expressed mathematically, acceleration is the derivative of speed or velocity with respect to time. The term for the time derivative of .... Read More
Flight Test of Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet
DRDO successfully carried out a flight demonstration based on Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) technology from Integrated Test Range Chandipur off the coast of Odisha on March 05, 2021.
This technology has provided DRDO with a technological advantage which will enable it to develop .... Read More
Isro's First Mission of 2021
The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) launched 19 satellites, including Brazil’s Amazonia-1, into space in what was the first lift-off of the year for the space agency.
The first launch of 2021 took place on the day (28 February, National Science Day) when Sir CV Raman .... Read More
South Korea’s ‘Artificial Sun’ Breaks World Record
South Korea’s magnetic fusion device, the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) has set a new world record for fusion.
It achieved a temperature of over 100 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds.
The Sun burns at 15 million degrees Celsius. By comparison, the KSTAR .... Read More
Zebrafish & Heart Regeneration
Scientists at Pune-based Agharkar Research Institute have used Zebrafish model and identified genes that can promote heart regeneration.
Scientists have identified the cellular communication network factor 2a (ccn2a), a gene that can promote heart regeneration by enhancing cardiomyocyte proliferation.
Ccn2a promotes the innate regenerative response of the adult .... Read More
IMO Recognizes Indian Navigation System
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has recognized Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS).
Now India has become the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by IMO.
The other three .... Read More
On 13th October, Mars and the Sun lined up with Earth in the middle called Mars Opposition.
At opposition – Earth is in the middle of a line between an outer planet and the Sun, we see the sun at one end of our sky and the opposition planet .... Read More
Dhawan-1: India's First Privately Developed Cryogenic Rocket Engine
Space rocket startupSkyroot Aerospace has unveiled its cryogenic engine Dhawan-1 on the occasion of 100th birth anniversary of Indian rocket scientist Satish Dhawan.
It runs on liquid natural gas (LNG) as fuel. The cryogenic engine 'Dhawan-1' is 100 per cent 3D printed and fuelled .... Read More
Research scientists from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have developed a process to make bricks on the moon for habitation using biology and mechanical engineering together.
The process involves extracting lunar soil and using bacteria and guar beans to harden the soil .... Read More
NASA’s ‘ASTHROS’ Mission
NASA has started work on a new mission to send a telescope, on a football stadium-sized balloon, high into the stratosphere.
The telescope mission called Astrophysics Stratospheric Telescope for High Spectral Resolution Observations at Sub-millimeter-wavelengths (ASTHROS) is likely to be launched in December 2023 from Antarctica.
Aim of .... Read More
Mystery of Extreme Helium Stars SolvedA study by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) detected the presence of singly ionised ﬂuorine for the first time in the atmospheres of hot Extreme Helium Stars(EHe).The origin and evolution of these Hydrogen deficient objects have been shrouded in mystery. Their severe chemical peculiarities .... Read More
Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 to Boost Biofuel Production
In a Department of Biotechnology, sponsored research, scientists at the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) have developed a method to improve the growth rate and sugar content of a marine cyanobacterium called Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002.
They successfully engineered Synechococcus .... Read More
Juice jacking is a type of cyber attack involving a charging port that doubles as a data connection, typically over USB. This often involves either installing malware or surreptitiously copying sensitive data from a smart phone, tablet, or other computer device.To avoid this, the State Bank of India (SBI) has .... Read More
India wants Thirty-Metre Telescope shifted out of Hawaii of USA.TMT has been proposed atop the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii, which is in dispute as it is a sacred location for the island’s native population.It is an international project being funded by scientific organisations of Canada, China, India, Japan .... Read More
American chipmaker Qualcomm Technologies in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has announced support for India’s Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC), in select chipset platforms across the Company’s upcoming portfolio. The initiative will help accelerate the adoption of NavIC and enhance the .... Read More
The summit was organized in Delhi by the Department of Biotechnology and International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB).The theme of the summit was “Visualizing the Future: New Skylines”.The aim of the summit was to boost the participation of women in STEM (Science + Technology + Engineering + Math) .... Read More
Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has installed first of its kind high-end reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) machines in India for quick detection of diseases like dengue, tuberculosis and swine flu.These machines are to serve in situations when medical reports and blood tests reveal contradictory .... Read More
The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has launched a special winter-grade diesel for Ladakh that can withstand extremely low temperatures and help motorists. In Ladakh temperature in winters remain between -50 C to -250 C, making it an ideal to witness cold desert climate.Regular diesel fuel contains paraffin wax which thickens .... Read More
According to a new research, stress hormone and not neurons, manage the fixed circadian rhythm that controls everything from sleep needs to body temperature.The circadian rhythm is controlled by the stress hormone, corticosterone in case of animals. In humans, the hormone is known as cortisol.Our internal clock is controlled by .... Read More
Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter, which is currently orbiting the Moon, has detected Argon-40 in the lunar exosphere with the help of its Chandra’s Atmospheric Composition Explorer-2 (CHACE-2) payload.Argon-40 (40AR) is one of the isotopes of the noble gas Argon. It originates from the radioactive disintegration of Potassium-40 (40K). The radioactive 40K nuclide, .... Read More
Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) is a measure of the extinction of the solar beam that reaches ground by dust and haze by way of absorbing or by scattering light.ISRO’s weather satellites INSAT-3D &3DR, are being used to monitor AOD.It is an indicator of particles and smoke from biomass burning affecting .... Read More
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has named a star and its planet with Indian names:Bibha or HD 86081 is a yellow-white dwarf star in the constellation Sextans. It is bigger and more massive than our Sun. The star has been named ‘Bibha’ in honour of a pioneering Indian woman scientist .... Read More
The World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified its first biosimilar medicine – trastuzumab – for treatment of breast cancer. The medicine, supplied by Samsung Bioepis NL B.V. (Netherlands), was assessed by WHO and found comparable to the originator product in terms of efficacy, safety and quality.WHO Prequalification is a service provided .... Read More
This is a clock designed by researchers at California Institute of Technology and NASA-Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) that will give more accurate and precise time than currently used atomic clocks.Atomic clocks are used around the world to precisely tell time. Standard atomic clocks in use today, based on the atom .... Read More
EChO Network, a national program, has been launched to train a new generation of educators and students who can identify and solve problems in an interdisciplinary manner and who can listen to our natural world and tackle real-world problems in medicine, agriculture, ecology, and technology.The initiative has drawn in partners .... Read More
PSLV-C45India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C45) on April 1st successfully launched EMISAT and 28 international customer satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR in Sriharikota. EMISAT is a satellite built around ISRO’s Mini Satellite-2 bus weighing about 436 kg. The satellite is intended for electromagnetic spectrum measurement. The 28 .... Read More
NASA’s PUNCH & TRACERS MissionNASA has selected two new missions to study the Sun and its dynamic effects on space weather.PUNCH: The Polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere, or PUNCH will focus directly on the Sun's outer atmosphere, the corona, and how it generates the solar wind. TRACERS: .... Read More
ICAT – A World Class Automotive Testing CentreThe International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar, Haryana located in the northern automotive hub of India, is a leading world class automotive testing, certification and R&D service provider under the aegis of NATRiP (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project), Government of .... Read More
ISRO & CNES to build Satellite-based AIS
The world’s first space-based automatic identification system (AIS) to track merchant ships on a real-time basis will be built and operated jointly by India and France.
The French space agency National Centre for Space Studies (CNES) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have signed an .... Read More
MicroDots Technology to Prevent Vehicle TheftThe Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has issued a draft notification amending Central Motor Vehicle Rules, allowing motor vehicles and their parts to be affixed with permanent and nearly invisible microdots that can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultra violet .... Read More
A Stable Form of Plutonium Discovered
A new compound of plutonium (Pu) with an unexpected, pentavalent oxidation state — Pu (V) has been discovered by scientists.
The new compound is solid and stable, and may represent a transient phase in radioactive waste repositories.
They figured it as Pu (V), pentavalent plutonium, a .... Read More
MITRASHAKTI–VI:The 6th edition of MITRASHAKTI – VI between Indian and Sri Lanka Army is being conducted from March 26th to April 8th at Diyatalawa Parade Ground in Sri Lanka.
Mission Shakti: DRDO’s ‘Mission Shakti’ is to defend India’s space assets where India shot down a low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite in space .... Read More
Radioactive Cesium Technology to Measure Soil Erosion Researchers at the ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun have come up with a way to monitor soil erosion and decrease in carbon content in soil by correlating it with levels of radioactive cesium in soil. Radioactive cesium technology is a .... Read More
The government recently announced the National Broadband Mission, a transformative programme which aims to provide broadband access to all villages in the country by 2022.
Salient Features of the Mission
Broadband access to all villages by 2022.
Incremental 30 lakh route km of Optical Fiber Cable to be laid; increasing tower density from .... Read More
Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme- ‘DHRUV’, a 14 day learning programme, has been launched from Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Headquarters at Bengaluru.
Objective of DHRUV Learning Programme
The objective of DHRUV would be to allow talented students realise their full potential and contribute to society.
The programme aims at identifying and encouraging .... Read More
Minister of Road Transport and Highways inaugurated the “One Nation One FASTag” scheme at the Indian Mobile Congress in New Delhi. The plan aims to integrate the collection of toll digitally and ensure seamless mobility of vehicles across India.
The scheme will be implemented from December 1, 2019, and can be .... Read More
The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister for Science and Technology on July 8, 2019.
Aim of the Bill
The Bill provides for the regulation of use of DNA technology for establishing the identity of certain persons.
The Bill seeks to create .... Read More
In a significant breakthrough, engineers at the California Institute of Technology have demonstrated that atoms in optical cavities could lead to the creation of quantum internet- a system of interconnected quantum computers over a quantum network.
Optical Cavity and Quantum Network
In order to be functionally viable, a quantum network needs to .... Read More
A team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems has recently invented a micro robot that resembles a white blood cell. The finding is promising as it can revolutionise targeted drug delivery in future.
The Micro Robots
In designing the micro robots, the scientists took inspiration from the leucocytes .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) recently unveiled its first ‘woman’ astronaut- a half-humanoid named Vyommitra- ahead of the first test flight of India’s human space mission, Gaganyaan.VyommitraVyommitra derives her name from a combination of two terms: ‘Vyoma’, meaning space and ‘Mitra’, meaning friend.It is an artificial intelligence-based robotic system, being .... Read More
The ‘SolarWinds hack’ is a cyberattack recently discovered in the United States. It has emerged as one of the biggest ever targeted cyberattacks against the US government, its agencies and several other private companies and largely considered as a global cyberattack.
It was first discovered by US cybersecurity company FireEye, and .... Read More
The 35th edition of India-Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy was conducted from 17 to 18 December 2020. It aims to reinforce maritime links, and contribute towards the Indian Navy’s efforts to consolidate inter-operability and forge strong bonds of friendship across the Indo .... Read More
In order to counter China's influence and increasing presence in the Indian Ocean Region, India is setting up coastal surveillance radar systems in the neighbourhood as part of its policy to enhance military diplomacy that will also lead to increased security measures in these friendly countries.
The Coastal Surveillance Radar system .... Read More
Recently, the 4th virtual Global Conference on Criminal Finances and Cryptocurrencies was organized by the Interpol, Europol and the Basel Institute on Governance.
The conference is an initiative of the Working group on Crypto-currencies and Cash Laundering and it was established in 2016 by the three organizations for strengthening best practices .... Read More
On 24th November 2020,the government of India has blocked 43 new Chinese mobile apps in the country, including shopping website Ali Express, over privacy concerns. The order was issued based on comprehensive reports received from Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Center, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Highlights of the Order
The Ministry of Electronics .... Read More
India on April 1, 2019 launched an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with28 third party satellites.
ISRO, for the first time, will also demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbits with a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
Emisat is .... Read More
NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft has observed water molecules moving around the dayside of Moon.
This finding may prove beneficial as the agency plans to put astronauts back on the lunar surface.
Water on Moon
Until the last decade, scientists thought that Moon was arid, with any water existing mainly as pockets .... Read More
NASA has yet again made a breakthrough research by finding the coldest and oldest white dwarf, an Earth-sized remnant of a Sun-like star that has died, covered with dust and debris. It is also suspected that this is the first time a white dwarf, with multiple dust rings has been .... Read More
India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-31 was successfully launched from French Guiana, making it the third successful mission by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) this year. The satellite was placed into the orbit within 42 minutes of its launch from Ariane Launch Complex at Kourou, a French territory located in northeastern .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will fly two small defence satellites in July or August this year on its new rocket-- now known as Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).
Small Satellite Launch Vehicle
Payload Capacity: Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (or SSLV) is a launch vehicle being developed by the Indian Space Research .... Read More
Space agency NASA’s new telescope could find as many as 1,400 new planets outside our solar system, enabling humans to find the largest, deepest and clearest picture of the universe as well as the existence of extraterrestrial life, suggests a new study.About the TelescopeWith a budget of around $3.2 billion, .... Read More
NASA has selected a new mission that will help scientists understand and, ultimately, forecast the vast space weather system around our planet. The mission is planned to launch in August 2022, attached to the exterior of the Earth-orbiting International Space Station.
About the Mission
The Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE) Mission: It will .... Read More
With NASA planning to put astronauts back on the Moon, scientists have explored how Sun’s damaging radiation left scars on the lunar surface. A team from the University of California-Berkeley studied data from NASA’s ARTEMIS mission along with simulations of the Moon’s magnetic environment.
Role of the Solar Wind and Moon’s .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C43) successfully launched 31 satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) on November 29 in Sriharikota.
HysIS is an earth observation satellite built around ISRO’s Mini Satellite2 (IMS-2) bus weighing about 380kg. The mission life of the satellite is five years.
HysIS .... Read More
India’s GSAT-29 communication satellite was successfully launched by the second developmental flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle MarkIII (GSLV MkIII-D2) on November 14 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
GSLV Mk III is a three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Two massive .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) launced hyperspectral imaging satellite (HySIS), an earth observation satellite, from the Sriharikota launch centre on 29th November. Over 30 foreign commercial satellites will be launched along with primary payload HySIS by the PSLV C43 rocket
Preparations are underway for the launch of earth observation satellite Hyper .... Read More
After over six months of travelling through space and covering a journey of more than 300 million miles, NASA’s Mars science lander InSight touched down safely on the surface of the red planet on 29th November.
The 880-pound (360 kg) InSight – its name is short for Interior Exploration Using Seismic .... Read More
GSLV-F11 on December 11 launched a communication satellite, GSAT-7A. In a first, Isro will make dead rocket stage ‘alive’ in space for experiments.
Dubbed as ‘Angry Bird,’ the satellite is expected to enable the force to interlink different ground radar stations, ground airbase and Airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft.
Features .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) heaviest and most-advanced high throughput communication satellite GSAT-11 was successfully launched from the Spaceport in French Guiana during the early hours on Dec 5.
All about the GSAT-11 launch
The GSAT-11 was launched onboard Ariane-5 launch vehicle
The satellite will be initially placed in the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit
It .... Read More
The Union Cabinet approved the Gaganyaan Programme with demonstration of Indian Human Spaceflight capability to low earth orbit for a mission duration ranging from one orbital period to a maximum of seven days.
A human rated GSLV Mk-lll will be used to carry the orbital module which will have necessary .... Read More
On July 4, NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) finished its primary mission, imaging about 75% of the starry sky as part of a two-year-long survey.
NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite is an all-sky survey mission that seeks to discover thousands of exoplanets around nearby bright stars.
Among the mission’s .... Read More
China has recently completed its BeiDou Navigation Satellite System constellation, that can potentially rival the US Global Positioning System (GPS) as the final satellite needed to complete China’s own navigation and positioning satellite system has passed final on-orbit tests.
It has a constellation of 35 satellites- 27 satellites in medium .... Read More
Chandryaan-2 has captured images of the Moon and one of the craters has been named after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian space programme.
The crater has been named by ISRO after Vikram Sarabhai on his birth centenary year.
Dr.Vikram Sarabhai is considered as the Father of the Indian .... Read More
For the first time, astronomers have detected a powerful, 600 mile wide(1,000 kilometres) hurricane of plasma in Earth's upper atmosphere, a phenomenon they're calling a "space hurricane."
The space hurricane, a mysterious fuzzy patch of aurora lights, raged for nearly 8 hours on Aug. 20, 2014, swirling hundreds of miles .... Read More
Recently ISRO successfully demonstrated free-space Quantum Communication over a distance of 300 metres, for the first time in the country.
According to ISRO, a number of key technologies were developed indigenously to accomplish this major feat, which included the use of indigenously developed NAVIC receiver for time synchronization between the .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has completed development of a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) capable of producing extremely high-resolution images for a joint earth observation satellite mission with the U.S. space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) is a joint collaboration for a dual-frequency L and S-band .... Read More
On 18th February 2021, NASA's Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover touched down on the Martian surface.
Perseverance is the most advanced, most expensive and most sophisticated mobile laboratory sent to Mars. The results of the experiments on Perseverance will likely define the next couple of decades of Mars exploration.
Mars 2020 Mission
The .... Read More
On 10 February 2021, China’s Tianwen-1 mission successfully entered the orbit of Mars, making it the first time for a Chinese mission to be able to successfully make a journey to another planet.
China launched Tianwen-1 along with the UAE’s Hope mission and NASA’s Perseverance rover mission in July.
All three .... Read More
On 9th February 2021, the UAE has become the fifth country after the US, Russia, China, the EU, and India, to reach the Martian orbit when its first mission to Mars (Al-Amal or Hope Probe) entered the orbit of the red planet.
It took seven months after the Emirati-built ‘Hope Probe’ .... Read More
NASA has approved two heliophysics missions, EUVST and EZIE to explore the Sun and the system that drives space weather near Earth.
Solar-C EUVST Mission: The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) leads the Extreme Ultraviolet High-Throughput Spectroscopic Telescope (EUVST) Epsilon Mission (Solar-C EUVST Mission), along with other international partners. Targeted .... Read More
Recently, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has launched the country’s 42nd communication satellite named CMS-01. This is the second satellite launched by the space organisation amid the prevailing coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak.
It was launched using PSLV-C50- India’s workhorse launch vehicle. PSLV-C50 was the 22nd flight of PSLV in the 'XL' .... Read More
Recently, the ARIEL (Atmospheric Remote-sensing Exoplanet Large-survey) mission was announced by the European Space Agency (ESA) for its next science mission due for launch in 2028.
The goal of the ARIEL mission is to investigate the atmospheres of several hundreds of planets orbiting distant stars in order to address the .... Read More
Recently, the Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite was launched from the Vandenberg Air Force base in California aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. It has been named after Dr. Michael Freilich, who was the Director of NASA’s Earth Science Division from 2006-2019 and passed away in August 2020.
It is designed .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that it will launch its earth observation satellite (EOS-01) and nine international customer spacecraft from the spaceport of Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on November 7.
It will be the first launch by the ISRO since the coronavirus induced lockdown came into effect in .... Read More
It is a new project of NASA which uses sonification that transforms data from astronomical images into audio sound. The images used are taken from NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory and other telescopes. This allows users to listen to the centre of the Milky Way as observed in X-ray, optical, and .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to deploy a small launch vehicle to launch satellites of up to 500-600 Kg in orbits close to the Earth.
Preliminary work to design and develop an ambitious small launch vehicle has already begun about three months ago at Vikram Sarabhai Space .... Read More
The month of July 2020 has witnessed the launch of two missions to Mars – China’s Tianwen-1, which aims to land on the Red Planet’s surface, and the UAE’s Al Amal (Hope), which does not involve a landing, but an orbital mission that will study the Martian atmosphere.
The USA is .... Read More
NASA has finalised the contract for the initial crew module of the agency’s Gateway lunar orbiting outpost. The contract has been awarded to Orbital Science Corporation of Dulles, Virginia, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Northrop Grumman Space.
NASA has issued this contract to design the habitation and logistics (HALO) .... Read More
SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft successfully took off from Kennedy Space Centre for the International Space Station (ISS) recently, with two NASA astronauts Behnken and Hurley.
The spacecraft is the first to take the American astronauts to orbit from American soil in nearly a decade.
The mission also marks the first launch .... Read More
In July, China is planning to launch its Mars mission- ‘Tianwen-1’- which is expected to land on the Martian surface in the first quarter of 2021.
The Tianwen-1 Mission
The mission has been named after Tianwen- the ancient Chinese poem which means ‘Questions to Heaven’.
July will be the ideal time for the .... Read More
CHaracterising ExOPlanet Satellite (CHEOPS) of the European Space Agency (ESA) recently beamed the first image of its initial target star. The image features a stellar field centred on HD 70843, a yellow-white star located around 150 light years away. This is ESA’s first mission focussed on exoplanets.
CHEOPS was launched on .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) postponed the launch of first Geo Imaging Satellite (GISAT-1) scheduled on 5th March.
GISAT-1 will be launched by the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F10), in its fourteenth flight, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. The launch will also mark the 8th .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS)- a set of two satellites for real time tracking and space communication purposes.
Indian Data Relay Satellite System
The satellites, belonging to the 2000 kg class, will be placed in geostationary orbits (GEO) at an altitude of .... Read More
On 17th January, the European launch service provider Ariane space’s launch vehicle Ariane 5 VA-251 successfully put into orbit India’s latest communication satellite, GSAT-30, from Kourou Launch Base, French Guiana. It also launched EUTELSAT KONNECT satellite for Eutelsat- an international commercial satellite operator.
The foreign launcher was hired as GSAT-30, at .... Read More
ISRO has successfully developed a design for the crew module of the manned submersible vehicle which will explore the sea bed as part of a project under the Deep Ocean Mission.
The Crew Module
The crew module is a key component of the manned submersible vehicle.
It is a sphere shaped capsule, capable .... Read More
On 27th November, India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its forty-ninth flight (PSLV-C47), successfully launched Cartosat-3 along with 13 Nanosatellites of USA into the Sun Synchronous Orbit from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. The Nanosatellites have been launched under commercial arrangement with New Space India Limited .... Read More
NASA’s Voyager 2 has exited heliosphere and has become the second object to enter interstellar space. It is now at 12 billion miles from the earth. The spacecraft joined its twin Voyager 1 on December 10, 2018. However, it took a year to analyze the data and confirm the findings.
Voyager .... Read More
The US Space Agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has recently renamed farthest cosmic body, earlier known as ‘Ultima Thule’ to ‘Arrokoth’ or ‘Sky’.
The icy rock, which orbits in the dark and frigid Kuiper Belt about a billion miles beyond Pluto, was surveyed by the NASA spaceship New .... Read More
On 11th December, India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) successfully launched RISAT-2BR1 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. It also carried nine commercial satellites; six from the USA and one each from Israel, Italy and Japan. These international customer satellites were launched under a commercial arrangement .... Read More
The European Space Agency (ESA) is planning a clean-up of the Earth’s orbit with its ClearSpace-1 Mission. The mission will be carried out by ESA in association with a consortium led by ClearSpace- a Swiss startup established by a team of space debris researchers.
Planned for launch in 2025, ClearSpace-1 .... Read More
National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (Nasa) latest planet-hunting probe has discovered its first Earth-sized exoplanet. The probe’s newly discovered Earth-sized exoplanet is orbiting a star 53 light-years away.
The Transiting Exoplanets Survey Satellite (TESS) also discovered a warm sub-Neptune-sized world in the same system.
One such tool, the Planet Finder Spectrograph .... Read More
Scientists have detected the most ancient type of molecule in our universe in space for the first time ever.
Operating the GREAT far-infrared spectrometer onboard the flying observatory SOFIA, an international team reported unambiguous detection of the molecule HeH+, towards the planetary nebula NGC 7027.
Helium hydride ion (HeH+) was the first .... Read More
Following a series of tests conducted in space over the past five months, the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission has successfully completed its near-Earth commissioning phase.It is now ready for the operations that will take place during the cruise and, eventually, for its scientific investigations at Mercury.
BepiColombo started its seven-year long journey .... Read More
The Cabinet Committee on Security headed by Prime Minister has cleared the setting up of new agency called the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRA). This agency has been entrusted with the task of creating space warfare weapon systems and technologies.
In April, government established the Defence Space Agency (DSA) to command .... Read More
The chief of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) K Sivan announced on 13th June, that India is planning to have a space station of its own. The project will be an extension of the Gaganyaan mission.
Features of Indian ISS
The deadline for the launch of the Indian space station, which ISRO .... Read More
On May 22nd, a PSLV rocket of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) placed RISAT-2B, an X-band microwave Earth Observation Satellite, into orbit 556 km above earth.
Milestones of ISRO
It will be ISRO’s 72ndlaunch vehicle mission from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
It will be 48thflight of PSLV.
It will be 36th launch .... Read More
Space Agency ISRO, which is gearing up for the ambitious Chandrayaan-2 this July, has loftier plans ahead. It is planning to accomplish six other mega missions over the next 10 years, apart from Chandrayaan-2. Of these, only two have been defined — XPoSat and Aditya-L1 missions.
Missions of ISRO
Venus .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Director K Sivan inaugurated the Young Scientist Programme (YUVIKA) on, May 17, 2019.
The young scientist programme aims to impart basic knowledge of science and space technology to school-going students from different states and Union Territories (UT) of the country in order to arouse their interest .... Read More
NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft on January 1 beamed back the clearest view yet of the most distant object ever explored - the Kuiper Belt object (KBO) 2014 MU69 nicknamed Ultima Thule.
Significance: The new image, taken during the historic flyby is the clearest view yet of this remarkable, ancient object in .... Read More
Gaganyaan, the great Indian human leap to space by 2022, will soon get cracking under a new Human Space Flight Centre and a dedicated team around five months after it was first unveiled.
Remember This: Indian Space Research Organisation on January 11th named Unnikrishnan Nair, who led its Advanced Space Transportation .... Read More
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced on January 19th the Young Scientist programme for the young minds who want to explore themselves in space research.
Remember This: The initiative, chalked to attract young minds and arouse interest in this niche arena, is conceptualised on the lines of a similar programme .... Read More
Indian space agency Indian Space Research Organisation’s (Isro) on January 24 successfully launched Microsat-R.
The fourth stage of the rocket with co-passenger Kalamsat, a students’ payload, would now be moved to a higher circular orbit, around 450 kms from earth, so as to establish an orbital platform for carrying out experiments.
Built .... Read More
In a bid to cut cost of satellite launchers, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is working on reusable launch technology for using the first and second stages of a rocket multiple times. To master this technology, Isro is going to conduct an advanced version of the reusable launch technology (RLV) .... Read More
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched a satellite ICON to detect dynamic zones of earth’s Ionosphere. At the same time, it has to find the link between space and earth’s weather. NASA’s ICON mission started with a delay of two years.
About ICON Mission
The ICON satellite will study the .... Read More
On August 12, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe completed a year in service. It is part of NASA’s “Living with a Star” programme that explores different aspects of the Sun-Earth system.
Importance of the Mission
The mission’s central aim is to trace how energy and heat move through the Sun’s corona and to .... Read More
Nasa is sending a nuclear-powered‑ drone to Saturn’s largest moon to explore multiple locations in search of habitability and life. A dual quadcopter called Dragonfly would fly from location to location over Titan, a moon with conditions that mimic those on earth 4bn years ago.
About the Mission
NASA has announced budget .... Read More
Isro Moon Mission, Chandrayaan 2, has been successfully launched from the Sriharikota space station on 22nd July. Chandrayaan-2 will reach its orbit with the help of GSLV MK-III, which is capable of carrying 4-tonne class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit.
Aim of the Mission
To Discover the Undiscovered Part: Chandrayaan .... Read More
In its endeavour to develop cutting-edge technologies that are on par with elsewhere in the world, Indian space agency, ISRO, is developing methane-powered rocket engines. Methane, which can be synthesised with water and carbon dioxide in space, is often described as the space fuel of the future.
Highlights of the Project
The .... Read More
A group of scientists at AgriGenome Labs in Kerala’s Kochi city has used the popular genome editing technology - CRISPR Cas9 - to change the colour of tomato to yellow and improve its traits. Such mutations could occur naturally, but it may take several years.
The research led by AgriGenome Labs, .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation and location and navigation technology solutions provider MapmyIndia announced an initiative to partner together to offer India’s best, and fully indigenous, mapping portal and geospatial services.
It combines the power of MapmyIndia’s digital maps and technologies with ISRO’s catalogue of satellite imagery and earth observation data.
The Department .... Read More
Recent ongoing row between the government and Twitter may be nearing its end with the social media giant reportedly complying with the government’s directive on blocking nearly 1,500 accounts but it has brought the term splinternet at the centre of discussion.
Splinternet is derived from the fusion of the words “split” .... Read More
Recently government released the draft of the 5th National Science Technology and Innovation Policy for public feedback.
It aims to foster, develop, and nurture a robust system for evidence and stakeholder-driven STI planning, information, evaluation, and policy research in India.
The objective of the policy is to identify and address strengths .... Read More
Scientists at Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali, Punjab have produced an ultra-high mobility Two dimensional (2D)-electron gas (2DEG).
INST, Mohali, is an autonomous institution of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
Scientists have produced electron gas with ultra-high mobility, which can speed up transfer of .... Read More
Recently BSNL has announced the launch of a satellite-based internet of things (IoT) device service that can be used across India where mobile towers are not present, including the seas within the country's jurisdiction.
It is the world's first satellite-based narrowband-IoT network. The service has been launched in partnership with US-based .... Read More
The Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, has sanctioned Rs. 135 crores to IIT Hyderabad under the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) to set up a Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation and Data Acquisition Systems.
The Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation Systems for Unmanned .... Read More
The DRDO Young Scientist Laboratory for Quantum Technologies (DYSL-QT), a DRDO facility based in Mumbai, has developed a Quantum Random Number Generator (QRNG) which has the ability to detect random quantum events and convert those into a stream of binary digits.
The facility has developed a fiber-optic branch path based QRNG. .... Read More